B.sc Nursing 1st Year Anatomy And Physiology Imp Questions 2024

In this post b.sc nursing 1st year anatomy and physiology important questions are given for 2024. 

These questions have been compiled from anatomy and physiology previous year question papers bsc nursing and question bank. 

The special thing in this set is that an attempt has been made to include all those questions which have been asked in the past and are still being asked again and again. 

There is a strong possibility of questions being asked many times being asked again. 

This does not mean that only these questions will be asked, they can also be twisted and included in the question paper of the upcoming exam. 

Therefore, take these questions seriously and write correct answers. 

Write these questions of Anatomy and Physiology question paper for b.sc nursing 1st year in your notebook. 

Now clear your concepts by reading the concerned chapter 2 to 3 times. 

After that prepare your answers in your own words. 

If you are having trouble understanding any question, consult your professor, refer to the textbook, or try to write the correct answer with the help of an advanced book. 

All these questions are important for the examination. 

The set given here has been created keeping in mind the anatomy and physiology questions for nursing students. 

Their preparation will help them in understanding the pattern of questions and they will get information about the format of the question paper in advance. 

If these questions do not match with the syllabus of your university, then use it as B.Sc Nursing model paper. 

Let us prepare answers to these.


1st Year B.sc Nursing Question Bank

B.sc Nursing 1st Year Anatomy And Physiology Question Paper

B.sc Nursing 1st Year Anatomy Important Questions 

  • Name the endocrine glands present in our body and describe in detail the thyroid gland. Add a note on its histology, embryology and its anomalies.
  • Classify the nervous system. Describe the gross anatomy of the brain and spinal cord.
  • Write short notes on the following:- (a) Cerebrospinal fluid (b) Gall bladder (c) Structures under the gluteus maximus.
  • Write short notes on the following:- (a) Structure of the heart (b) Immunity (c) Structure of the eye.
  • Describe the classification of the joints. Explain the synovial joint with a suitable example with its applied anatomy. 
  • Describe in brief the following:- (a) Types of tissues (b) Gross anatomy of the heart (c) Types of joints.
  • Write short notes on the following:- (a) Inguinal canal (b) Blood supply of the heart (c) Decidua.
  • Write a short answer on the following:- (a) Name the layers of the Uterus (b) Name any two branches of the Abdominal aorta (c) Mention the major openings of the Diaphragm with its counts (d) Name the content of Cubital fossa (e) Enumerate the contents of Spermatic cord. 
  • Enumerate the Endocrine glands with their position. 
  • Write short notes on the following:- (a) Muscle of respiration (b) Anatomy of nephron (c) Structure of liver (d) Blood and its components. 
  • Describe the location, parts, capsule, relations, blood supply and Histology of the Thyroid gland.
  • Write notes on the following:- (a) Bronchopulmonary segments (b) Classification of Synovial joints with examples (c) Functional areas of Cerebrum.
  • Write short notes on the following:- (a) Spinal Cord (b) Uterus (c) Coronary circulation (d) Stomach.
  • Write a short answer on the following:- (a) Name the parts of the Extra Hepatic Biliary Apparatus (b) Write the parts of the Fallopian tube and mention the area of Fertilization (c) Name the muscles used for Intramuscular injection (d) Name any two Hormones Secreted by Anterior Pituitary Gland.
  • Name the parts of a long bone. 
  • Write a short answer on the following:- (a) Secondary cartilaginous joint (b) Stomach bed (c) Bronchopulmonary segments (d) Muscles of mastication.
  • Give two examples of a ball and socket joint.
  • Describe the shoulder joint under the following headings:- (a) Type and articular surfaces (b) Ligaments (c) Movements and muscles producing movements (d) Applied anatomy.
  • Name two glands lined by cuboidal epithelium. 
  • Describe the left kidney under the following heads:- (a) Anterior relations (b) Posterior relations (c) Arterial supply (d) Venous drainage (e) Applied anatomy.


B.sc Nursing 1st Year Physiology Important Questions

  • Enumerate the factors involved in blood coagulation and describe the two mechanisms of blood coagulation. Add a note on anticoagulants.
  • Define respiration. Describe the physiology of respiration with labelled diagrams. 
  • Compare and contrast between cortical and juxtaglomerular nephron.
  • Write short notes on the following:- (a) Contraceptive methods (b) Factors affecting glomerular filtration rate (c) Functions of the liver.
  • Describe in brief the following:- (a) the Mechanism of hearing (b) the Conduction system of the heart.
  • Classify nerve fibres based on conduction velocity and add a note on saltatory conduction.
  • Define blood pressure and pulse pressure. What are its normal values? Describe how blood pressure is measured. Add a note on hypertension.
  • Write short notes on the following:- (a) Menstrual cycle (b) Digestion of carbohydrates (c) Formation of urine (d) Pituitary gland and its functions (e) Bone healing. 
  • Write short notes on the following:- (a) Plasma proteins (b) Functions of the cerebellum (c) Functions of saliva.
  • Write notes on the following:- (a) Hearts sounds (b) Transport of Oxygen (c) Functions of Saliva.
  • What is the normal RBC count? Describe the stages of Erythropoiesis. What are the factors influencing erythropoiesis?.
  • Write short answers on the following:- (a) Define Sarcomere (b) Types of Nephron and its functions (c) Two functions of Cerebellum (d) Name the Plasma proteins (e) Placental hormones.
  • Write short notes on the following:- (a) Spermatogenesis (b) Reflex arc.
  • Write notes on the following:- (a) Intrinsic pathway of Coagulation (b) Hypoxia and its types (c) Refractive errors of the Eye.
  • What are the Vitamin K-dependent clotting factors?.
  • What are the hazards of Blood transfusion?.
  • Describe the structure of the Thyroid Gland. Name the Hormones of Thyroid. Describe in detail the functions of Thyroxine. Add a note on Cretinism.
  • List any two gastrointestinal hormones.
  • Write short answers on the following:- (a) Hormones of the Anterior Pituitary Gland (b) Two functions of the Cerebellum (c) Two functions of the Kidney (d) Functions of Sertoli cells.
  • Mention any two functions of bile. 
  • Enumerate the properties of Skeletal muscle and describe any one in detail.
  • Write a short answer on the following:- (a) Rh incompatibility (b) Puberty (c) Composition and functions of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) (d) Explain the mechanism of muscle contraction. 
  • Draw a well-labelled diagram of ECG in the lead!! and give the normal values of all the intervals. 
  • Describe the structure, synthesis and functions of Haemoglobin. Add a note on anaemia.
  • Describe the functions of the hypothalamus.
  • Define Cardiac output. Explain the factors regulating cardiac output.
  • Define synapse, classify it and enumerate its properties. 
  • Describe the composition and functions of pancreatic juice. 
  • Describe the mechanism of synaptic transmission.
  • Describe the transport of Oxygen from the lungs to the tissues. Draw a neat labelled diagram of the Oxygen-Haemoglobin dissociation curve. 
  • What is the physiological basis of the Blood group? Name the various Blood groups.

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