M.A Part 2 Environmental Science Imp Questions 2023

Through this post, you can get m.a part 2 environmental science imp questions 2023. 

This question is very important for your upcoming exams. 

You can get good marks in this subject by solving these questions. 

Many of these questions have come in previous exams. 

These questions based on environmental science important topics have been given. 

Prepare your answers by writing in your notebook. 

To answer the questions in this environmental science question paper, you have to read the lesson from the books. 

The concept of the lesson has to be understood. 

You have to write your answer in your own words. 

Notes of Environmental science important questions prepared in this way will be easy to remember along with saving time. 

The revision will be easy at the time of the examination. 

In this m.a second year examination question set, you will get the question pattern of marine ecology, waste generation and management, environmental toxicology, data processing and statistical analysis, remote sensing and its applications, sustainable development, eco-planning, policy management, environmental law, social issues, and environmental education.

This subject is interesting and you can also make your career in it. 

If you want to get a good job, your base should be strong in this subject. 

So, read all the lessons on the subject carefully.

EVS important questions

M.A. Environmental Science Important Questions

Marine Ecology Questions

  • Throw light on the importance of Marine Science. Describe the efforts of navigators in the early part of the history of Marine Science.
  • "19th Century is called the Golden period in the development of marine Science." Elaborate on the Statement.
  • Give an account of the relief features of the bottom of the oceans.
  • Discuss the factors controlling the density of ocean water.
  • Discuss the factors responsible for the salinity of ocean water and give a description of the distribution of salinity.
  • "Oceans are vast storehouses of energy". Elaborate on the statement. What do you understand by thermal oceanic energy?
  • Give an account of the horizontal and vertical distribution of temperature in Ocean Water.
  • Discuss the role of waves and the nature of the coast in coastal erosion. How can the coasts be protected from erosion?
  • What is the Wave Energy? Discuss the advantage of wave energy and discuss the potential for the development of wave energy in India.
  • Give an account of the Flora and Fauna found in different levels of an ocean.
  • Define Marine Ecology. Discuss the factors affecting Marine Ecology.
  • Throw light on different branches of Oceanography.
  • What are the causes of pollution of Ocean Water? What are the adverse effects of Ocean Pollution?
  • What are the conditions essential for the development of fisheries? Give an account of the major fishing grounds of the world.
  • Discuss the methods of exploration of minerals in the oceans.
  • Discuss the sources of the pollution of ocean water. Suggest measures to be adopted to free ocean water from pollution?
  • Discuss critically the factors affecting coastal erosion.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) North Pacific Fisheries (b) Development of Oceanography in the 20th Century (c) Ocean Currents (d) Geographical Oceanography (e) Ocean Currents (f) Oil spills in seas. 

Waste Generation And Management Questions

  • "Waste is misplaced wealth." Corroborate the statement by citing some examples.
  • Classify wastes on the basis of their physical and chemical composition.
  • Plastic belongs to which category of Waste? Why are we scared of using plastic items?
  • What do you mean by solid waste management? What are the challenges of solid waste management?
  • Give an account of the methods of disposal of solid wastes with special reference to the methods of composting and incineration.
  • Define hazardous wastes and identify their sources of generation. Mention some common impacts of hazardous wastes on public health and the environment.
  • What do you mean by hospital waste? Describe its generating sources.
  • Describe the concept of waste recycling and light on different methods and processes of recycling waste.
  • What legal provisions are available in India to manage and handle different types of waste?
  • Discuss in brief the collection, storage, treatment, and disposal processes of municipal wastes.
  • Give an account of different segments and types of Domestic and Municipal wastes and their polluting effects.
  • "Prevention of pollution and its quality management is the need of the time." Explain the statement.
  • What do you mean by radioactive waste?
  • What effective steps should be taken for the reduction, control, and safe disposal of radioactive waste?
  • Critically examine the cost-benefit analysis of Recycling.
  • Discuss the Public Liability Insurance Act, of 1991.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) the Bad impact of the "Use and Throw" concept  (b) Degradable and non-degradable wastes (c) the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 (d) Incineration of Waste (e) Composting of Municipal Waste (f) Pollution Prevention Incentives.

Environmental Toxicology Questions

  • Write a descriptive note on toxicology and its scope.
  • Discuss the importance and usefulness of the study of toxicology to human beings.
  • What do you mean by the term 'Toxicant' and 'Toxicity'?
  • Give an account of the salient features of Acute Toxicity and Synernism.
  • Define Response and give an account of the dose-response relationship.
  • Explain the terms Lc50, LD50, and Threshold Limit Value.
  • Write descriptive notes on 'Minamata disease' and 'Arsenic in drinking water'.
  • Give an account of heavy metal toxicity. Present a brief description of the sources and biochemical effects on humans of either lead or mercury.
  • What are bioindicator groups? Discuss the essential characteristics of bioindicator groups.
  • Mention the specific roles played by fishes and birds as bio-indicators.
  • What are chemical hazards? How do chemical agents act on the human body?
  • What are occupational hazards? Write in detail about occupational hazard control measures.
  • Give an account of national and international initiatives for the control and remedy of environmental toxicants.
  • How do the physical conditions of a workplace become hazards? What are their effects?
  • What are heavy metals? Give a general account of heavy metal toxicity.
  • Discuss the need for control of common environmental toxicants in the context of India.
  • What is Occupational health surveillance? What are the components of occupational health Surveillance? Explain them with an example.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Biohazards (b) Selective toxicity (c) Mechanical hazards (d) Threshold Limit Value (e) Biohazards (f) Functions of the Central Pollution Control Board.

Data Processing And Statistical Analysis Questions

  • Define "Statistics" and throw light on its utility.
  • What is the importance of the collection of data? Discuss the main sources of data.
  • Describe briefly the types of data and describe each type of data with examples.
  • Describe the fabrication of charts in understanding and interpreting numerical data.
  • Explain the difference between Histogram and Ogive.
  • Explain the merits and demerits of central tendency measurement.
  • Define dispersion. Discuss the various measures of dispersion with their merits and demerits.
  • Define correlation and discuss its importance in statistical analysis.
  • What is the need for Sampling? Differentiate between Simple Random Sampling and Stratified Random Sampling.
  • Define probability and discuss Equally Likely Events, Mutually Exclusive Events, and Exhaustive Events.
  • What is the difference between a census survey and a sample survey? Write their merits and demerits.
  • Define central Tendency and explain the measures of Central Tendency.
  • Define probability. Explain the rule of addition and the rule of multiplication of probability.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Difference between Schedule and Questionnaire (b) Normal Distribution (c) Standard Deviation (d) Difference between Primary Data and Secondary Data (e) Geometrical mean (f) Histogram.

Remote Sensing And its Application In Environmental Science Questions

  • Define Aerial Photographs and discuss their type and their utility.
  • What do you mean by Remote Sensing? Describe briefly its concept and physical aspects.
  • Explain the concept of photogrammetry and describe various aspects of the geometry of photographs.
  • What do you mean by Remote Sensing Platform? Describe its various types.
  • "Sensor and Scanner are main organs of Remote Sensing System". Elaborate on the statement.
  • What is meant by Earth Resource Satellites? Describe the historical development of Earth Resource Satellites.
  • Present a classification of Earth Resource Satellites with a brief description of each class.
  • Present an explanatory account of the Image Restoration Technique.
  • Examine the importance of remote sensing techniques in the management of ocean resources and coastal zones.
  • Give an account of the concept and objective of the Geographical Information System. How is it useful in different fields of knowledge?
  • Give an account of the application of Remote Sensing in water resource management along with flood mapping and flood damage assessment.
  • Discuss the role of remote sensing in environmental protection.
  • Examine the importance of remote sensing techniques in forestry management.
  • Highlight the usefulness of Remote Sensing and Geographical Information Systems in the
  • What do you mean by a natural disaster? Describe the role of remote sensing in the impact assessment and management of natural disasters.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Land Sat Satellites (b) Image Contrast Enhancement (c) Remote Sensing and Mineral Resources (d) Image Enhancement Techniques.

Environmental Impact Assessment, Ecoplanning And Sustainable Development Questions

  • What do you understand by Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA)? What is its primary objective?
  • Give an account of the procedure of "Scoping" as applied to Environmental Impact Assessment.
  • Give a brief description of different steps adopted in Environmental Impact Assessment.
  • What are Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Impact Mitigation? Explain
  • Give an account of the advantages and disadvantages of the Public participation technique in the Environmental Impact Assessment Process.
  • What are different approaches that are used for Environmental Impact Mitigation? Discuss in detail.
  • Describe in briefs, the advantages and disadvantages of different Environmental Impact Identification methods in Environmental Impact Assessment.
  • What are the major and important steps to be adopted for the review of the EIA report? Discuss them in brief.
  • Discuss the salient features of the Environmental Impact Assessment procedure adopted in our country.
  • Define Ecoplanning. Explain briefly some important gradients of Ecoplanning.
  • Through light on the necessity of disaster management plan.
  • Discuss salient features of land uses in India and their impact on the environment.
  • Explain briefly the objective and scope of environmental auditing. What are the advantages and disadvantages of Environmental Auditing?
  • What do you understand by sustainable development? Discuss the role of different sectors in maintaining sustainability.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Indian EIA notification, 1994 (b) Agro-climatic regions of India (c) Purpose of Scoping in EIA (d) Ecoplanning (e) World Bank classification of projects for screening (f) Public Hearing process.

Environmental Management Law And Policy Questions

  • Define Environmental Management and discuss its ecological base.
  • What is the need for Environmental policy?
  • What do you mean by environmental protection? Discuss the Indian concept of environmental protection.
  • Describe the constitutional background of Environmental Acts in India.
  • Discuss the role of environmental policy resolutions in the field of pollution control and environmental management.
  • Describe the salient features and aspects of the Environmental (Protection) Act, of 1986.
  • What International efforts are being made for environmental protection? Mention the name and efforts of some agencies working for this.
  • Give an account of the Bio-diversity Conservation Act, 2002.
  • Give a detailed account of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
  • Give a brief description of the objectives and principles of the National Environmental Policy of our Country.
  • Describe the features of the Public Liability Insurance Act, of 1991 and examine its importance.
  • Describe briefly the salient features of the Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989.
  • Present a brief account of the list of the national and international eco mark 'Logos'
  • What national efforts are being made in India for environmental protection? Mention the name and efforts of some agencies working for this.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) National Green Tribunal (NGT) (b) Environmental Ethics (c) Central Pollution Control Board (d) Plants useful in environmental Protection (e) Article 51 A(g) of the Indian Constitution.

Social Issues And Environment Questions

  • Give a short description of the natural environment. How is it influenced by rapid population growth?
  • "Population pressure is the main cause of resource depletion." Critically examine the statement.
  • Discuss those natural hazards whose solution measures need resettlement and rehabilitation.
  • What is the role of Sanitation in keeping the human body and ambient environment healthy?
  • What do you understand by occupational hazards? Explain their types in detail.
  • Briefly describe a few environmental movements in India. Critically examine their outcome.
  • What are the three R-mantra? Why are they regarded as an effective measure of waste management and control of pollution?
  • Describe in brief different measures taken in India against occupational hazards.
  • Discuss community participation in the conservation and upgradation of the environment.
  • Give an account of effective works of resettlement and rehabilitation in case of a disaster.
  • Discuss some major urban environmental issues in the context of fast urbanization in modern times.
  • Define waste products and classify them. How is Consumerism responsible for the increase in waste products?
  • What do you mean by ozone layer depletion? What are its adverse effects on human health and the environment?
  • "Eco-friendly technology is the need of the hour for conservation and promotion of environment." Explain it.
  • Throw light on the importance of the 'Chipko Movement' in the context of forest conservation.
  • Give an account of the role of Non-Governmental Organizations in developing awareness among the general people about the environment.
  • Discuss the importance of alternative sources of energy for ecological balance.
  • Enlist the causes of the growth of Slum. Suggest measures for the solution to the problem.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Global Warming (b) Personal Hygiene (c) Squatter Settlement (d) Sardar Sarovar Project (e) the Evergreen revolution.

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