B.sc Ag Fourth Semester Syllabus Agriculture 2023-24

In this post, the b.sc ag fourth semester syllabus agriculture is given for the session 2023-24. 

Do not associate it with any university. 

The purpose of giving this syllabus is to guide those students who have just entered the fourth semester. 

An attempt has been made to bifurcate this syllabus and give B.Sc Agriculture syllabus semester wise, so that it becomes convenient for you. 

Its format has been prepared based on a previously published syllabus. 

The topics of this syllabus don't need to match with your university syllabus. 

If your university has issued a new syllabus then follow the same. 

Given here is the b.sc fourth semester agriculture syllabus for preparation for the exam. 

Students can start studying in advance for this semester and prepare their notes, which will save them time and make good use of it. 

You can also get this BSc Agriculture syllabus in PDF form. 

By copying the content written here, you can get it with the help of PDF converter tools in Google Drive. 

This syllabus covers all the topics that should be there in the syllabus and can provide the right guidelines for exam preparation. 

The syllabi of different universities may be different, but it has been seen that there is very little change in the topics. 

Let us take advantage of this syllabus for your exams and know what to study in the new year.


B.sc Agriculture 4th Semester Syllabus

B.sc Ag Fourth Sem Syllabus Of Crop Production Technology 2 (Rabi Crops)

Theory 

Origin, geographical distribution, economic importance, soil and climatic requirements, varieties, cultural practices and yield of Rabi crops; cereals -wheat, barley and oat, pulses-chickpea, lentil, peas, oilseeds-rapeseed, mustard, linseed and sunflower; sugar crops-sugarcane; other crop-Potato. Forage crops-berseem, lucerne and oat.

Practical 

Sowing methods of wheat and sugarcane, identification of weeds in rabi season crops. Numerical problems on seed requirement of rabi crop. Study of yield contributing characters of rabi season crops, study of important agronomic experiments of rabi crops at experimental farms. Study of rabi forage experiments, visit to research stations of related crops.


Practical Crop Production-II (Rabi Crops) 

Practical Crop planning, raising field crops in multiple cropping systems: Field preparation, seed, treatment, nursery raising, sowing, nutrient, water and weed management and management of insect-pests diseases of crops, harvesting, threshing, drying winnowing, storage and marketing of produce. The emphasis will be given to seed production, mechanization, resource conservation and integrated nutrient, insect-pest and disease management technologies. Preparation of balance sheet including cost of cultivation, and net returns per student.


B.sc Ag 4th Semester Syllabus Of Seed Technology

Theory 

Seed and seed production technology: introduction, definition and importance. Deterioration causes of crop varieties and their control; Maintenance of genetic purity during seed production. Seed quality; Definition and Characters of good quality seed, different classes of seed. Foundation and certified seed production of important cereals, pulses, oilseeds, fodder and vegetables. Seed certification, phases of certification, procedure for seed certification, field inspection. Seed Act and Seed Act enforcement. Duty and powers of seed inspector, offenses and penalties. Seeds Control Order 1983, Varietal Identification through Grow Out Test. History and development of the Seed Industry in India. Seed drying, processing and their steps, seed testing for quality assessment, seed treatment, its importance, method of application and seed packing. Seed storage; general principles, stages and factors affecting seed longevity during storage. Measures for pest and disease control during storage. Seed marketing, Private and public sectors and their production and marketing strategies.

Practical 

Seed production in major cereals: Wheat, Rice, Maize, Sorghum and Bajra. Seed production in major pulses: Urd, Mung, Pigeonpea, Lentil, Gram, Field bean, pea. Seed production in major oilseeds: Rapeseed and Mustard. Seed production in important vegetable crops. Seed sampling and testing: Physical purity, germination, viability, etc. Seed and seedling vigor test. Genetic purity test: Grow out the test. Seed certification: Procedure, Field inspection, Preparation of field inspection report. Visit seed production farms, seed testing laboratories and seed processing plants.


B.sc Ag 4th Sem Syllabus Of Problematic Soil And Their Management

Theory 

Soil quality and health, Distribution of Wasteland and problem soils in India. Their categorization is based on properties. Reclamation and management of Saline and sodic soils and acid soils. Acid Sulphate soils, Eroded and Compacted soils, Flooded soils, and polluted soils. Irrigation water - quality and standards, utilization of saline water in agriculture. Remote sensing and GIS in diagnosis and management of problem soils. Multipurpose tree species, bioremediation through MPTs of soils, land capability and classification, and land suitability classification. Problematic soils under different Agroecosystems.

Practical 

Determination of pH & EC in soil and water. Line and gypsum requirement in soil, ESP and SAR in Soils. Application of remote sensing and GIS in delineating problematic soil.


B.sc Ag 4th Sem Syllabus Of Greentech Renewable Energy

Theory 

Classification of energy sources, the contribution of these sources in the agricultural sector, Familiarization with biomass utilization for biofuel production and their application, Familiarization with types of biogas plants and gasifies, biogas, bio-alcohol, biodiesel and bio-oil production and their utilization as bioenergy resource, the introduction of solar energy, collection and their application, Familiarization with solar energy gadgets: solar cooker, solar water heater, application of solar energy: solar drying, solar pond, solar distillation, the introduction of wind energy and their application.

Practical 

Familiarization with renewable energy gadgets. To study biogas plants, To study gasifiers, To study the production process of biodiesel, To study bri-cutting machines, To study the production process of biofuels. Familiarization with different solar energy gadgets. To study solar photovoltaic systems: solar light, solar pumping, and solar fencing. To study solar cookers, To study solar drying systems. To study solar distillation and solar ponds.


B.sc Ag 4th Sem Syllabus Of Production Technology Of Ornamental Crops Map And Landscaping

Theory 

Importance and scope of ornamental crops, medicinal and aromatic plants and landscaping. Principles of landscaping. Landscape uses of trees, shrubs and climbers. Style of gardening and lawn making and maintenance. Production technology of important cut flowers like rose, gerbera, carnation, Lilium and orchids user-protected conditions and gladiolus, tuberose, and chrysanthemum under open conditions. Package of practices for loose flowers like marigold and jasmine under open conditions, isabgol and aromatic plants like mint, lemongrass, citronella, palmarosa, ocimum, geranium, and vetiver.

Practical 

Identification of Ornamental plants. Identification of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Nursery bed preparation and seed sowing. Training and pruning of Ornamental plants. Planning and layout of the garden. Bed preparation and planting of MAP. Protected structures - care and maintenance. Intercultural operations in flowers and MAP. Harvesting and post-harvest handling of cut and loose flowers extraction of essential oils.


B.sc Ag 4th Sem Syllabus Of Entrepreneurship Development And Business Communication

Theory 

Concept of Entrepreneur, Entrepreneurship Development, Characteristics of entrepreneurs; SWOT Analysis & achievement motivation, Government policy and programs and institutions for entrepreneurship development, Impact of economic reforms on Agribusiness/ Agrienterprises, Entrepreneurial Development Process; Business Leadership Skills; Developing organizational skill (controlling, supervising, problem-solving, monitoring & evaluation), Developing Managerial skills, Business Leadership Skills (Communication, direction and motivation Skills), Problem-solving skill, Supply chain management and Total quality management, Project Planning Formulation and report preparation; Financing of enterprise, Opportunities for agri-entrepreneurship and rural enterprise.

Practical 

Assessing entrepreneurial traits, problem-solving skills, managerial skills and achievement motivation, exercise in creativity, time audit through planning, monitoring and supervision, identification and selection of business idea, preparation of business plan and proposal writing, a visit to entrepreneurship development institute and entrepreneurs.


B.sc Ag 4th Sem Syllabus Of Agrometeorology And Climate Change

Theory 

Meaning and scope of agricultural meteorology; Earth atmosphere- its composition, extent and structure; Atmospheric weather variables; Atmospheric pressure, its variation with height; Wind, types of wind, daily and seasonal variation of wind speed, cyclone, anticyclone, land breeze and sea breeze; Nature and properties of solar radiation, solar constant, depletion of solar radiation, short wave, long wave and thermal radiation, net radiation, albedo; Atmospheric temperature, temperature inversion, lapse rate, daily and seasonal variations of temperature, vertical profile of temperature, Energy balance of earth; Atmospheric humidity, concept of saturation, vapor pressure, process of condensation, formation of dew, fog, mist, frost, cloud; Precipitation, process of precipitation, types of precipitation such as rain, snow, sleet, and hail, cloud formation and classification; Artificial rainmaking. Monsoon- mechanism and importance in Indian agriculture, Weather hazards - drought, floods, frost, tropical cyclones and extreme weather conditions such as heat-wave and cold-wave. Agriculture and weather relations; Modifications of crop microclimate, climatic normals for crop and livestock production. Weather forecasting- types of weather forecast and their uses. Climate change, climatic variability, global warming, causes of climate change and its impact on regional and national Agriculture.

Practical 

Visit of Agrometeorological Observatory, site selection of observatory, exposure of instruments and weather data recording. Measurement of total, shortwave and long-wave radiation, and its estimation using Planck's intensity law. Measurement of albedo and sunshine duration, computation of Radiation Intensity using BSS. Measurement of maximum and minimum air temperatures, their tabulation, trend and variation analysis. Measurement of soil temperature and computation of soil heat flux. Determination of vapor pressure and relative humidity. Determination of dew point temperature. Measurement of atmospheric pressure and analysis of atmospheric conditions. Measurement of wind speed and wind direction, preparation of windrose. Measurement, tabulation and analysis of rain. Measurement of open pan evaporation and evapotranspiration. Computation of PET and AET.


B.sc Ag Fourth Semester Agri-Informatics Syllabus

Theory 

Introduction to Computers, Operating Systems, definition and types, Applications of MS Office for document creation and editing, Data presentation, interpretation and graph creation, statistical analysis, mathematical expressions, Database, concepts and types, uses of DBMS in Agriculture, World Wide Web (WWW): Concepts and components. Introduction to computer programming languages, concepts and standard input/output operations. e-Agriculture, concepts and applications, Use of ICT in Agriculture. Computer Models for understanding plant processes. IT application for the computation of water and nutrient requirements of crops, Computer-controlled devices (automated systems) for Agri-input management, Smartphone Apps in Agriculture for farm advice, market price, postharvest management, etc; Geospatial technology for generating valuable agri-information. Decision support systems, concepts, components and applications in Agriculture, Agriculture Expert Systems, Soil Information Systems, etc for supporting Farm decisions. Preparation of contingent crop planning using IT tools.

Practical 

Study of Computer Components, accessories, and practice of important DOS Commands. Introduction of different operating systems such as Windows, Unix/ Linux, Creating, Files & Folders, and File Management. Use MS-WORD and MS PowerPoint for creating, editing and presenting a scientific Document MS-EXCEL - Create a spreadsheet, use statistical tools, write expressions, create graphs, analysis of scientific data. MSACCESS: Creating Database, preparing queries and reports, demonstration of Agriinformation system. Introduction to the World Wide Web (WWW). Introduction of programming languages. Hands-on Crop Simulation Models (CSM) such as DSSAT/Crop-Info/CropSyst/ Wofost; Computation of water and nutrient requirements of crop using CSM and IT tools. Introduction of Geospatial Technology for generating valuable information for Agriculture. Hands-on Decision Support System. Preparation of contingent crop planning.


B.sc Ag Fourth Semester Syllabus Of Poultry Production And Management

UNIT 1. 

General: Importance of the poultry industry in India, Poultry production and marketing statistics of eggs and chicken. Historical development in poultry birds potential. 

UNIT 2. 

Breeding: Male and female reproductive system of chicken, breed and strains of broilers and layers of chicken, duck and quails, General aspects of breeding for better egg production and body weight gain, Selection and culling, Artificial insemination.

UNIT 3. 

General Management: Establishment of poultry farm, Housing and equipment, incubation and hatching of eggs, Broiler and layer management, Lighting schedule for poultry. 

UNIT 4. 

Feeds And Feeding: Digestion, Digestive system of chicken, Feed ingredients, Availability of CP and ME in ingredients, Feed processing, Formulation of feed viz. Starter, Grower, Layer, Finisher and Breeder ratio, FCR, CP ratio, Nutritional deficiency conditions. 

UNIT 5. 

Health Management: Vaccination schedule for poultry, Common poultry diseases, i.e. Ranikhet, Marex, Chicken pox, Gumboro, Infectious bronchitis and CRD, Control of internal and external parasites. 

UNIT 6. 

Poultry Products: Preservation and storage of eggs, Grading of eggs, AGMARK standard of egg, Egg powder, Slaughtering and processing of chicken, Marketing of poultry products.

Practical 

Neat and clean diagram of hen showing external body parts, the structure of the egg, Formulation of ration viz. Broiler starter ration, Broiler finisher ration, Chick starter ration, Grower ration, Layer ration and Breeder ration. Vaccination schedule for broiler and layers, Debeaking, Candling of eggs, Dissection of bird for showing internal body parts.


Syllabus Ref:- HNBGU

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