B.sc Ag 2nd Sem Syllabus Of Agriculture 2023-24

In this post-B.sc ag 2nd sem syllabus of agriculture is given for the session 2023-24. 

This syllabus is being given as a common syllabus. 

Basically, its objective is to provide proper guidance to those students who have just been admitted to the Agriculture Second Semester. 

Sometimes it happens that students do not get the syllabus or the university releases it late. 

In that situation, by using this b.sc agriculture syllabus semester wise, they can get the correct information about the subject topic. 

Using this as your basis, you can prepare your notes and exam in advance. 

If the B.Sc Agriculture 2nd semester syllabus is issued by your university, then you should continue your preparation as per the instructions of the same syllabus. 

The syllabus given here covers all the topics which were given in the university syllabus earlier. 

A basic course of information has been covered. 

To get the B.sc agriculture syllabus in PDF form, it can be copied and converted into PDF in Google Docs and downloaded. 

With this, you will be able to use it offline also. 

Use this syllabus given here only as subject wise information. 

It is optional that the topics of this syllabus match your college syllabus. 

Let's use it for the b.sc agriculture second semester syllabus for the exam paper.


B.sc Agriculture Second Semester Syllabus Of Agriculture In English

B.sc Agriculture 2nd Semester Syllabus Of Crop Physiology

(Fundamentals of Crop Physiology)

Theory 

  • Introduction to crop physiology and its importance in Agriculture; Plant cell: an Overview; Diffusion and osmosis; Absorption of water, transpiration and Stomatal Physiology; Mineral nutrition of Plants: Functions and deficiency symptoms of nutrients, nutrient uptake mechanisms; Photosynthesis: Light and Dark reactions, C3, C4 and CAM plants; Respiration: Glycolysis, TCA cycle and electron transport chain; Fat Metabolism: Fatty acid synthesis and Breakdown; Plant growth regulators: Physiological roles and agricultural uses, Physiological aspects of growth and development of major crops: Growth analysis, Role of Physiological growth parameters in crop productivity.

Practical 

  • Study of plant cells, structure and distribution of stomata, imbibitions, osmosis, plasmolysis, measurement of root pressure, rate of transpiration, Separation of photosynthetic pigments through paper chromatography, Rate of transpiration, photosynthesis, respiration, tissue test for mineral nutrients, estimation of relative water content, Measurement of photosynthetic CO2 assimilation by Infra-Red Gas Analyser (IRGA).


B.sc Agriculture 2nd Semester Syllabus Of Plant Biochemistry

Theory 

  • Biochemistry- introduction, scope and Importance in agriculture. Carbohydrates: Importance and classification of Monosaccharides, Disaccharides and Polysaccharides. Lipid: Importance and classification; Structures and properties of fatty acids; lipids. Proteins: Importance of proteins and classification; Structures. Amino acid- definition, calcification and important function. Structural organization of proteins. Enzymes: General properties; Classification; Mechanism of action; classification of vitamin structure role and its deficiency symptoms. Introduction to allosteric enzymes. Nucleic acids: Importance and classification; Structure of Nucleotides. Metabolism of carbohydrates: Glycolysis.

Practical 

  • Qualitative tests of carbohydrates and amino acids. Quantitative estimation of glucose/ proteins. Titration methods for estimation of amino acids/lipids, Paper chromatography Monosaccharides. Estimation of Ca, CaO and CaCO3 in Hcl extract. Estimation of reducing and non-reducing in cane sugar and jaggery.


B.sc Agriculture 2nd Semester Syllabus Of Morphology And Taxonomy

(Fundamentals of Entomology-I)

  • Theory Classification of phylum Arthropoda up to classes. Relationship of class Insecta with other classes of Arthropoda. Morphology: Structure and functions of insect cuticle and molting. Body segmentation. Structure of Head, thorax and abdomen. Structure and modifications of insect antennae, mouth parts, legs, wing venation, modifications, and wing coupling apparatus. Structure of male and female genital organs. Metamorphosis and diapause in insects. Types of larvae and pupae. Structure and functions of digestive, circulatory, excretory, respiratory, nervous, secretory (Endocrine) and reproductive systems in insects. Types of reproduction in insects. Major sensory organs like simple and compound eyes and chemoreceptors. 
  • Systematics: Taxonomy -importance, history and development and binomial nomenclature. Definitions of Biotype, Sub-species, Species, Genus, Family and Order. Classification of the class Insecta upto Orders, basic groups of present-day insects with special emphasis to orders and families of Agricultural importance like 
  • Orthoptera: Acrididae, 
  • Dictyoptera: Mantidae, 
  • Odonata; Isoptera: Termitidae; 
  • Thysanoptera: Thripidae; 
  • Hemiptera: Pentatomidae, Coreidae, Cimicidae, Pyrrhocoridae, Lygaeidae, Cicadellidae, Delphacidae, Aphididae, Coccidae, Lophophidae, Aleurodidae, Pseudococcidae; Neuroptera: Chrysopidae; 
  • Lepidoptera: Pieridae, Papiloinidae, Noctuidae, Sphingidae, Pyralidae, Gelechiidae, Arctiidae, Saturnidae, Bombycidae; 
  • Coleoptera: Coccinellidae, Chrysomelidae, Cerambycidae, Curculionidae, Bruchidae, Scarabaeidae; 
  • Hymenoptera: Tenthridinidae, Apidae. Trichogrammatidae, ichneumonid, Braconidae, Chalcididae; 
  • Diptera: Cecidomyiidae, Tachinidae, Agromyziidae, Culicidae, Muscidae, Tephritidae.

Practical 

  • Methods of collection and preservation of insects including immature stages; External features of Grasshopper/Blister beetle; Types of insect antennae, mouthparts and legs; Wing venation, types of wings and wing coupling apparatus. Types of insect larvae and pupae; Dissection of digestive system in insects (Grasshopper); Dissection of male and female reproductive systems in insects (Grasshopper);
  • Study of characters of orders Orthoptera, Dictyoptera, Odonata, Isoptera, Thysanoptera, Hemiptera, Lepidoptera, Neuroptera, Coleoptera, Hymenoptera, Diptera and their families of agricultural importance.


B.sc Agriculture 2nd Semester Syllabus Of Agricultural Economics

Theory 

  • Economics: Meaning, scope and subject matter, definitions, activities, approaches to economic analysis; micro and macroeconomics, positive and normative analysis. Nature of economic theory; rationality assumption, concept of equilibrium, economic laws as generalization of human behavior. Basic concepts: Goods and services, desire, want, demand, utility, cost and price, wealth, capital, income and welfare. Agricultural economics: meaning, definition, characteristics of agriculture, importance and its role in economic development. Agricultural planning and development in the country. Demand: meaning, law of demand, demand schedule and demand curve, determinants, utility theory; law of diminishing marginal utility, equimarginal utility principle. Consumer's equilibrium and derivation of the demand curve, the concept of consumer surplus. Elasticity of demand: concept and measurement of price elasticity, income elasticity and cross elasticity. Production: process, creation of utility, factors of production, input-output relationship. 
  • Supply: Stock v/s supply, law of supply, supply schedule, supply curve, determinants of supply, elasticity of supply. Concepts of rent, wage, interest and profit. National income: Meaning and importance, circular flow, concepts of national income accounting and approaches to measurement, difficulties in measurement. Population: Importance, Malthusian and Optimum population theories, natural and socio-economic determinants, current policies and programs on population control. Money: Barter system of exchange and its problems, evolution, meaning and functions of money, classification of money, money supply, general price index, inflation and deflation, public revenue and public expenditure. Tax: meaning, direct and indirect taxes, agricultural taxation, VAT. Economic systems: Concepts of the economy and its functions, important features of capitalistic, socialistic and mixed economies, and elements of economic planning.


B.sc Ag Second Semester Syllabus Of Organic Farming

(Principles of Organic Farming)

Theory 

  • Organic farming, principles and its scope in India; Initiatives taken by Government (central/state), NGOs and other organizations for the promotion of organic agriculture. Organic nutrient resources and its fortification; Restrictions to nutrient use in organic farming; Choice of crops and varieties in organic farming; Fundamentals of insect, pest, disease and weed management under organic mode of production; Certification process and standards Of organic farming.

Practical 

  • Visit organic farms to study the various components and their utilization; Preparation of enriched compost, vermicompost, Indigenous technology knowledge (ITK) for nutrient, insect, pest disease and weed management; Cost of the organic production system; Quality aspect, grading, packaging and handling.


B.sc Ag Second Semester Syllabus Of Plant Pathology

(Fundamentals of Plant Pathology)

Theory 

  • Introduction: Importance of plant diseases, scope and objective of Plant Pathology. History of Plant Pathology with special reference to Indian work. Terms and concepts in Plant Pathology, Pathogenesis, diseases triangle and tetrahedron and classification of plant diseases, Important Plant pathogenic organism fungi, bacteria, fastidious vesicular bacteria, Phytoplasmas, Spiroplasmas, viruses, viroids, algae, protozoa, phanerogamic parasite and nematodes with example of diseases caused by them. Diseases due to abiotic causes. 
  • Fungi: general character, definition of fungus, somatic structures, type of fungus thalli, fungal tissues, modifications of thallus, reproduction (Asexual and Sexual). Nomenclature, Binomial system of nomenclature, rules of nomenclature, classification of fungi, key to divisions, sub-divisions, orders and classes. Bacteria and mollicutes: general morphological characters, basic methods reproduction. Viruses: nature of properties, structure and transmission. Study of phanerogamic plant parasites. Epidemiology: Factors affecting disease development.

Practical 

  • Acquaintance with various laboratory equipment and microscopy. Collection and preservation of disease specimens. Preparation of media, isolation and Koch’s postulates. General study of the different structures of fungi, the study of symptoms of various plant diseases. Study of representative fungal genera. Staining and identification of plant pathogenic bacteria. Study of phanerogamic plant parasites. Identification of plant parasitic nematodes.


B.sc Ag Second Semester Syllabus Of Vegetable And Spices

(Production Technology for Vegetables and Spices Questions)

Theory 

  • Importance of vegetables & spices in human nutrition and national economy, types of the vegetable gardening brief about origin, area, production improved varieties and cultivation practices such as time of sowing, transplanting techniques, planting distance, fertilizer requirements, irrigation, weed management, harvesting storage, physiological disorders, disease and seed production of important vegetable (potato, tomato, cauliflower, onion, okra, bottle guard and bitter guard) and spices i.e. condiments, Ginger, turmeric, coriander, cumin, fennel, black pepper, elaichi.

Practical 

  • Identification of vegetables & spice crops and their seeds. Nursery raising. Direct seed sowing and transplanting. Study of morphological characters of different vegetables & spices. Fertilizer applications raising of the nursery of vegetable & spices, vegetable and spices seed extraction. Harvesting & preparation for market. Economics of vegetables and spices cultivation.


B.sc Ag Second Semester Syllabus Of Extension Education And Agriculture

(Fundamentals of Agricultural Extension Education Questions)

Theory 

  • Education: Meaning, definition & Types; Extension Education- meaning, definition, scope and process; Objectives and principles of Extension Education; Extension Programme planning- Meaning, Process, Principles and Steps in Programme Development. Extension systems in India: extension efforts in the pre-independence era (Sriniketan, Marthandam, Firka Development Scheme, Gurgaon Experiment, etc.) and post-independence era (Etawah Pilot Project, Nilokheri Experiment, etc.); various extension/ agriculture development programs launched by ICAR/ Govt. of India (IADP, IAAP, HYVP, KVK, IVLP, ORP, ND, NATP, NAIP, etc.). New trends in agriculture extension: privatization extension, cyber extension/ e-extension, market-led extension, farmer-led extension, expert systems, etc.
  • Rural Development: concept, meaning, definition; various rural development programs launched by Govt. of India. Community Dev.-meaning, definition, concept & principles, Philosophy of C.D. extension administration: meaning and concept, principles and functions. Monitoring and evaluation: concept and definition, transfer of technology: concept and models, capacity building of extension personnel; extension teaching methods: meaning, classification, individual, group and mass contact methods, ICT Applications in TOT.

Practical

  • To get acquainted with the university extension system. Group discussion- exercise; handling and use of audiovisual equipment and digital camera and LCD projector; preparation and use of AV aids, preparation of extension literature – leaflet, booklet, folder, pamphlet news stories and success stories; Presentation skills exercise; micro-teaching exercise; A visit to the village to understand the problems being encountered by the villagers/ farmers; to study organization and functioning of DRDA and other development departments at district level; visit to NGO and learning from their experience in rural development; understanding PRA techniques and their application in village development planning; exposure to mass media: visit to community radio and television studio for understanding the process of program production; script writing, writing for print and electronic media, developing the script for radio and television.


B.sc Ag 2nd Sem Food Processing And Safety Syllabus

(Food Processing and Safety Issues Questions)

UNIT 1. 

  • General: Definition of food, Constituents of foods: Water, Carbohydrate, Fat, Protein, Vitamins and Minerals with reference to milk, Detailed composition of milk and colostrum. 

UNIT 2. 

  • Food Processing: Pasteurization, Sterilization, Bactofugation, Uperization, Stassanization, U.H.T. pasteurization and Homogenization of milk, Neutralization of milk, Cream, Cooling and chilling of milk. 

UNIT 3. 

  • Manufacturing of common dairy products viz. Cream, Butter, Ghee, Dahi, Yoghart, Shrikhand & Ice-cream. 

UNIT 4. 

  • Manufacturing of Khoa, Evaporated milk, condensed milk, WMP, SMP, Paneer, Cheese, Chhena, Cheddar cheese and Mozzarella cheese (Pizza cheese).

UNIT 5. 

  • Food Safety: Definition, Importance, Scope, Hazards and Risks. Food safety management, HACCP, ISO Series, TQM-Concept and need for the quality component of TQM. Basic water tests.

Practical 

  • Demonstration of Cream separation. 
  • Preparation of indigenous dairy products viz. Dahi, Chhena, Khoa, Paneer, Cream, Ghee, shrikhand. 
  • Water quality analysis. 
  • Problem on neutralization of milk and cream. 
  • Preparation of plants for implementation of HACCP and ISO series, 
  • Problems on overrun. 
  • Calculation of Ice cream mix.


B.sc Ag 2nd Semester Human Values And Ethics Syllabus

Theory 

  • Values and Ethics-An Introduction. Goal and Mission of Life. Vision of Life. Principles and Philosophy. Self Exploration. Self Awareness. Self Satisfaction. Decision Making. Motivation. Sensitivity. Success. Selfless Service. Case Study of Ethical Lives. Positive Spirit. Body, Mind and Soul. Attachment and Detachment. Spirituality Quotient. Examination.


B.sc Ag 2nd Sem Syllabus Of Soil And Water Conservation Engineering

Theory 

  • Introduction to Soil and Water Conservation, causes of soil erosion. Definition and agents of soil erosion, water erosion: Forms of water erosion. Gully classification and control measures. Soil loss estimation by universal Loss Soil Equation. Soil loss measurement techniques. Principles of erosion control: Introduction to contouring, strip cropping. Contour bund. Graded bund and bench terracing. Grassed waterways and their design. Water harvesting and its techniques. Wind erosion: mechanics of wind erosion, types of soil movement. Principles of wind erosion control and its control measures.

Practical 

  • General status of soil conservation in India. Calculation of erosion index. Estimation of soil loss. Measurement of soil loss. Preparation of contour maps. Design of grassed waterways. Design of contour bunds. Design of graded bunds. Design of bench terracing system. Problem with wind erosion.


Syllabus Ref: HNBGU

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