B.sc Ag 1st Sem Syllabus Of Agriculture 2023-24

In this post b.sc ag 1st sem syllabus of agriculture is given for the session of 2023-2024. 

The purpose of providing this syllabus is to help those students who have just been admitted to first-semester Agriculture and the new syllabus has not been made available or provided to them by their university. 

Some students want to start their studies without wasting any time in advance. 

But they are not aware of what they will be given to study in B.Sc Agriculture syllabus semester wise. 

This common syllabus will act as a guide for them. 

Through this, you can learn the topics of this subject in sequence and prepare excellent notes for yourself. 

At present the topics in the university syllabus are the same. 

If the syllabus has been issued by your university, then use that for B.Sc Agriculture first semester syllabus for exam preparation. 

All the topics have been included in this syllabus, which have been included in the previous syllabus. 

Here all the topics are highlighted and the points contained in that topic are shown in detail so that it becomes easier for you to read and understand them. 

If you want to get the b.sc agriculture first semester syllabus for agri science in PDF, then go to Google Drive, paste it on the page, and convert it to PDF using the tools. 

After that, you can avail its benefits offline also. 

Let us pursue our studies according to this syllabus.

Let's start.

B.sc Agriculture Syllabus 1st Year

B.sc Ag 1st Sem Fundamental Of Agronomy Syllabus


  • Agronomy and its scope, seeds and sowing, tillage and tilth, crop density and geometry, Crop nutrition, manures and fertilizers, nutrient use efficiency, water resources, soil-plant water relationship, crop water requirement, water use efficiency, irrigation-scheduling criteria and methods, quality of irrigation water. 
  • Weeds- importance, classification, crop weed competition, concepts of weed management principles and methods, herbicides- classification, selectivity and resistance, allelopathy. Growth and development of crops, factors affecting growth and development, plant ideotypes, crop rotation and its principles, adaptation and distribution of crops, harvesting and threshing of crops.


  • Identification of crops, seeds, fertilizers, pesticides and tillage implements, Identification of weeds in crops, Methods of herbicide and fertilizer application, Study of yield contributing characters and yield estimation. Numerical exercises on fertilizer requirement, plant population, herbicides and water requirement, Study of soil moisture measuring devices, and Measurement of irrigation water.

B.sc Ag 1st Sem Fundamentals Of Genetics Syllabus


  • Pre and Post Mendelian concepts of heredity, Mendelian principles of heredity. Architecture of chromosomes; special types of chromosomes. Chromosomal theory of inheritance; cell cycle and cell division - mitosis and meiosis. Chi-square test; Dominance relationships, Epistatic interactions; Multiple alleles, pleiotropism and pseudo alleles. Sex determination and sex linkage, sex limited and sex influenced traits, Blood group genetics, Linkage and its estimation, crossing over mechanisms, and chromosome mapping. Structural and numerical variations in chromosomes and their implications, use of haploids, dihaploids and doubled haploids in Genetics. Mutation, classification, Methods of inducing mutations and CLB technique, mutagenic agents and induction of mutation. Qualitative & Quantitative traits, Polygenes and continuous variations, multiple factor hypothesis, Cytoplasmic inheritance. Genetic disorders. Nature, structure & replication of genetic material (DNA). Protein synthesis, Transcription and translational mechanism of genetic material. Gene concept: Gene structure, function and regulation.


  • Study of the microscope. Study of cell structure. Mitosis and Meiosis cell division. Experiments on monohybrid, dihybrid, trihybrid, test cross and back cross, Experiments on epistatic interactions including test cross and back cross, Practice on mitotic and meiotic cell division, Experiments on probability and Chi-square test. Determination of linkage and cross-over analysis (through two-point test cross and three-point test cross data). Study on sex-linked inheritance in Drosophila. Study of models on DNA and RNA structures.

B.sc Ag First Sem Fundamentals Of Soil Science Syllabus


  • Soil as a natural body, Pedological and edaphological concepts of soil; Soil genesis: soil-forming rocks and minerals; weathering, processes and factors of soil formation; Soil Profile, components of soil; Soil physical properties: soil-texture, structure, density and porosity, soil colour, consistency and plasticity; Elementary knowledge of soil taxonomy, classification of soils of India; Soil water retention, movement and availability; Soil air, composition, gaseous exchange, problem and plant growth, Soil temperature; source, amount and flow of heat in soil; effect on plant growth, Soil reaction-pH, EC, soil acidity and alkalinity, buffering, the effect of pH on nutrient availability; soil colloids - inorganic and organic; silicate clays: constitution and properties; sources of charge; ion exchange, cation exchange capacity, base saturation; soil organic matter: composition, properties and its influence on soil properties; humic substances - nature and properties. Soil pollution - behaviour of pesticides and inorganic contaminants, prevention and mitigation of soil pollution.


  • Study of soil profile in the field. Study of soil sampling tools, collection of representative soil samples, its processing and storage. Study of soil forming rocks and minerals. Determination of soil density, moisture content and porosity. Determination of soil texture by feel method. Determination of soil pH and electrical conductivity. Study of soil map. Estimation of the organic matter content of soil. Estimation of CO3 and HCO3 in soil water.

B.sc Ag First Sem Fundamentals Of Horticulture Syllabus


  • Horticulture - Its definition and branches, importance and scope; horticultural and botanical classification; climate and soil for horticultural crops; Plant propagation methods and propagating structures; principles of orchard establishment; Principles and methods of training and pruning, juvenility and flower bud differentiation; unfruitfulness; pollination, pollinizers and pollinators; fertilization and parthenocarpy; use of plant bioregulators in horticulture, irrigation and fertilizers applications - method and quality.


  • Identification of garden tools. Identification of horticultural crops. Preparation of seed bed/nursery bed. Practice of sexual and asexual methods of propagation Layout and planting or orchard plants. Training and pruning of fruit trees transplanting and care of vegetable seedlings making of herbaceous and shrubbery borders. Preparation of potting mixture potting and repotting. Fertilizer application in different crops. Visits to commercial nurseries/orchards.

B.sc Ag 1st Sem Rural And Educational Psychology Syllabus


  • Sociology and Rural Sociology: Definition and scope, its significance in agriculture extension, Social Ecology, Rural society, Social Groups, Social Stratification, Culture concept, Social Institution, Social Change & Development. Rural Leadership: concept and definition, types of leaders in the rural context.
  • Educational psychology: Meaning & its importance in agriculture extension. Behavior: Cognitive, affective, psychomotor domain, Personality, Learning, Motivation, Theories of Motivation, Intelligence.


  • Socio-economic survey of village communities. Developing schedules and questionnaires. Visit and gain Practical knowledge about the working of basic rural institutions. Identifying important value systems in the rural setting as a means of social control. Identification of rural personality traits that affect the development of personality in rural situations.

B.sc Ag 1st Sem Introduction To Forestry Syllabus


  • Introduction - definitions of basic terms related to forestry, objectives of silviculture, forest classification, and salient features of Indian Forest Policies. Forest regeneration, Natural regeneration - natural regeneration from seed and vegetative parts, coppicing, root suckers; Artificial regeneration - objectives, choice between natural and artificial regeneration, essential preliminary considerations.
  • Crown classification. Tending operations - weeding, cleaning, thinning - mechanical, ordinary, crown and advanced thinning. Forest mensuration - objectives, diameter measurement, instruments used in diameter measurement; measurement of volume of felled and standing trees, age determination of trees. Agroforestry - definitions, importance, criteria of selection of trees in agroforestry, different agroforestry systems prevalent in the country, shifting cultivation, taungya, alley cropping, windbreaks and shelter belts, home gardens. Cultivation practices of two important fast-growing tree species of the region.


  • Identification of tree species. Diameter measurements using calipers and tape, Volume measurement of logs using various formulae. Nursery layout, seed sowing, vegetative propagation techniques. Forest plantations and their management. Visits of nearby forest-based industries.

B.sc Ag First Sem Introductory Animal Husbandry Syllabus

UNIT 1. 

  • General: Importance of livestock in Agriculture and Economy. Dairying under specialized and mixed farming. Livestock and milk production statistics.

UNIT 2. 

  • Dairy Cattle and Buffaloes Management: Cattle and buffalo Breeds, Breeding methods & systems, Care and Management of pregnant and milch cows, Raising of calves, Management of heifers and bulls, Maintenance of livestock records, Milking methods and principles, Clean milk production, Feeds and feeding, Conservation of fodder, Housing for dairy animals.

UNIT 3. 

  • PIG MANAGEMENT: Importance, Important breeds, Raising of piglets up to the age of slaughter, General aspects of breeding, Care of sow and boar.

UNIT 4. 

  • Sheep and Goat Management: Importance, Important breeds, Raising of kids and lambs, Breeding, Feeding of goats and sheep.

UNIT 5. 

  • Health Management: Common animal diseases of cattle, buffalo, goat, sheep and swine viz. Anthrax, BQ, HS, Brucellosis, Mastitis, Milk fever, Bloat, Swine fever and Enterotoxemia, Vaccination schedule.


  • Study of external body parts, Study of phenotypic and physiological differences between cows and buffaloes, Estimation of body weight by measurements, Identification of animals, Castration, Dehorning, Estimation of cost of milk production, Problems on computation of ration, casting and throwing, Grooming, Scheme of fodder production round the year, Recording temperature, pulse rate and respiration rate of animals.

B.sc Ag First Sem Communication Skills Syllabus


  • War Minus Shooting- The Sporting Spirit. A Dilemma- A layman looks at science Raymond B. Fosdick. You and Your English - Spoken English and broken English G.B. Shaw. Reading Comprehension, Vocabulary- Antonym, Synonym, Homophones, Homonyms, often confused words. Exercises to Help the students in the enrichment of vocabulary based on TOEFL and other competitive examinations. Functional grammar: Articles, Prepositions, Verb, Subject-verb Agreement, Transformation, Synthesis, Direct and Indirect Narration. Written Skills: Paragraph writing, Precise writing, Report writing and Proposal writing. The Style: Importance of professional writing. Preparation of Curriculum Vitae and Job applications. Synopsis Writing. Interviews: kinds, Importance and process.


  • Listening Comprehension: Listening to short talks lectures, speeches (scientific, commercial and general in nature). Oral Communication: Phonetics, stress and intonation, Conversation practice. Conversation: rate of speech, clarity of voice, speaking and Listening, politeness &Reading skills: reading dialogues, rapid reading, intensive reading, improving reading skills. Mock Interviews: testing initiative, team spirit, leadership, intellectual ability. Group Discussions.

B.sc First Sem Agriculture Heritage Syllabus


  • Introduction of Indian agricultural heritage; Ancient agricultural practices, Relevance of heritage to present day agriculture; Past and present status of agriculture and farmers in society; Journey of Indian agriculture and its development from past to modern era; Plant production and protection through indigenous traditional knowledge; Crop voyage in India and world; Agriculture scope; Importance of agriculture and agricultural resources available in India; Crop significance and classifications; National agriculture setup in India; Current scenario of Indian agriculture; Indian agricultural concerns and future prospects.

B.sc Ag First Sem General Agriculture-1 Syllabus

  • Agriculture of Intermediate standard including Agronomy, Soil Science, Horticulture, Plant Pathology.

B.sc Ag 1st Sem Introductory Biology Syllabus


  • Introduction to the living world, diversity and characteristics of life, origin of life, Evolution and Eugenics. Binomial nomenclature and classification Cell and cell division. Morphology of flowing plants. Seed and seed germination. 
  • Plant systematic- viz; Brassicaceae, Fabaceae and Poaceae. Role of animals in agriculture.


  • Morphology of flowering plants - root, stem and leaf and their modifications. Influence, flower and fruits. Cell, tissues & cell division. The internal structure of root, stem and leaf. Study of specimens and slides. Description of plants - Brassicaceae, Fabaceae and Poaceae.

B.sc Agriculture 1st Semester Syllabus Of General Agriculture-2nd

  • Agriculture of Intermediate standard including Ag Engg, Animal Husbandry and economics.

B.sc Agriculture 1st Semester Syllabus Of Elementary Mathematics

  • Theory Straight lines : Distance formula, section formula (internal and external division), Change of axes (only origin changed), Equation of co-ordinate axes, Equation of lines parallel to axes, Slope-intercept form of equation of line, Slope-point form of equation of line, Two point form of equation of line, Intercept form of equation of line, Normal form of equation of line, General form of equation of line, Point of intersection of two st. lines, Angles between two st. lines, Parallel lines, Perpendicular lines, Angle of bisectors between two lines. Area of triangle and quadrilateral. Circle: Equation of circle whose center and radius are known, General equation of a circle, Equation of circle passing through three given points, Equation of circle whose diameters is the line joining two points (xj, yj) & (X2,y2)> Tangent and Normal to a given circle at a given point (Simple problems), Condition of tangency of a line y = mx + c to the given circle x2 + y 2 = a . Differential Calculus: Definition of function, limit and continuity, Simple problems on limit, Simple problems on continuity, Differentiation of x n , ex , sin x & cos x from first principle, Derivatives of sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions, Differentiation of functions of functions (Simple problem based on it), Logarithmic differentiation (Simple problem based on it), Differentiation by substitution method and simple problems based on it, Differentiation of Inverse Trigonometric functions. Maxima and Minima of the functions of the form y=f (x) (Simple problems based on it). Integral Calculus: Integration of simple functions, Integration of Product of two functions, Integration by substitution method, Definite Integral (simple problems based on it), Area under simple well-known curves (simple problems based on it).
  • Matrices and Determinants: Definition of Matrices, Addition, Subtraction, Multiplication, Transpose and Inverse up to 3rd order. Properties of determinants up to 3rd order and their evaluation.

Non-Gradial Courses

NSS/NCC/Physical Education & Yoga Practices

B.sc Agriculture 1st Semester Syllabus Of Physical Education Honours

Theory Course aims at evoking social consciousness among students through various activities viz., working together, constructive and creative social work, being skillful in executing democratic leadership, developing skills in program development to be able for self-employment, reducing the gap between educated and uneducated, increasing awareness and desire to help sections of society. 

Following activities are to be taken up under the NSS course:

  • Introduction and basic components of NSS: Orientation
  • NSS programmes and activities, Understanding youth, Community mobilization
  • Social harmony and national integration, Volunteerism and Shramdan
  • Citizenship, constitution and human rights
  • Family and society
  • Importance and role of youth leadership, Life competencies
  • Youth development programmes, Health, hygiene and sanitation
  • Youth health, lifestyle, HIV AIDS and first aid
  • Youth and yoga, Vocational skill development
  • Issues related environment, Disaster management
  • Entrepreneurship development
  • Formulation of production-oriented projects, Documentation and data reporting
  • Resource mobilization, Additional life skills
  • Activities directed by the Central and State Government

All the activities related to the National Service Scheme course are distributed under four different courses viz., National Service Scheme I, National Service Scheme II, National Service Scheme III and National Service Scheme IV each having one credit load. 

The entire four courses should be offered continuously for two years. 

A student enrolled in NSS course should put in at least 60 hours of social work in different activities in a semester other than five regular one-day camps in a year and one special camp for duration of 7 days at any semester break period in the two year.

National Service Scheme I Introduction And Basic Components Of NSS

  • Orientation:- History, objectives, principles, symbol, badge; regular programmes under NSS, the organizational structure of NSS, code of conduct for NSS volunteers, points to be considered by NSS volunteers awareness about health.
  • NSS programmes and activities:- Concept of regular activities, special camping, day camps, basis of adoption of village/slums, conducting survey, analysing guiding financial patterns of the scheme, youth programme/ schemes of GOI, coordination with different agencies and maintenance of diary.
  • Understanding Youth:-  Definition, profile, profile, categories, issues and challenges of youth; and opportunities for youth who are agents of social change.
  • Community Mobilisation:- Mapping of community stakeholders, designing the message as per problems and their culture; identifying methods of mobilization involving youth-adult partnership.
  • Social harmony and national integration:- Indian history and culture, role of youth in nation building, conflict resolution and peace-building.
  • Volunteerism and shramdan:- Indian tradition of volunteerism, its need, importance, motivation and constraints; shramdan as part of volunteerism.
  • Citizenship, constitution and human rights:- Basic features of the constitution of India, fundamental rights and duties, human rights, consumer awareness and rights and rights to information Family and society. Concept of family, community (PRls and other community-based organisations) and society Different activities will include orientation lectures and practical works. Activities directed by the Central and State Governments have to be performed by all the volunteers of NSS as per direction.
  • All activities of National Cadet Corps & Physical Education and Yoga Practices.

Ref. Taken from - HNBGU

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