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MA Library Science Important Questions 2023

In this post masters in library and information science important questions have been given for 2023.

By preparing correct answers to these questions, you can get good marks in the upcoming examination.

Many questions have been asked in previous exams. 

You can also get a good job by getting good marks in ma library science. 

Before doing mlis masters degree, you have to have a bachelor's degree in this subject. 

The questions given in this set have been given keeping in mind the Library Science questions for competitive exams. 

So take these questions seriously and prepare. 

Take a notebook to write the answers to these questions and try to write the answers in your own words after reading the relevant chapter completely. 

To get a master's degree in library science, you have to enrol in the university. 

If you want to do master in library science through distance education, then you can also do it from IGNOU Open University.


Question- What is the subject of the Master of Library and Information Science?

Answer - You can read these subjects. In many universities, they can also be different. Subjects are - Information, Communication And Society, Management of Library and Information Centers, Preservation and Conservation of Library Materials, Research Methodology, Academic Library System, Technical Writing, Informatics And Scientometrics, Public Library System And Services, Information Sources Systems And Programs, Information Processing and Retrieval, Fundamentals of ICT, Applications of ICT.

Library Science Question Paper

Important Questions For Library And Information Science

Information, Communication And Society

  • What do you mean by signs and symbols? Discuss characteristics and types of symbols.
  • Information can be examined from the point of view of its inherent properties. Elucidate.
  • What do you understand by Information? Define it and light on the contribution of information in the field of Management.
  • Discuss briefly Ranganathan’s modes of formation of knowledge and the extensions suggested by Neelameghan.
  • Through light on various applications of System theory in the Library.
  • Describe the various modes of information generation.
  • What is Management Information System? Through light on its main characteristics.
  • Discuss the impact of the information society on the information profession.
  • Discuss the need for Expert Systems in various areas of Society.
  • Explain the concept of national information infrastructure and discuss the issues associated with its development.
  • Discuss the various recommendations of the committee constituted for the National Policy of Library and Information System.
  • Define ‘knowledge society’. What are the factors that have led to its emergence? Describe its features. Discuss various characteristics and types of knowledge.
  • What is the information profession? Through light on the main points based on core values of the information profession.
  • Write short notes on the following - (a) Sociology of Science (b) Barriers to Information (c) Popper’s Three Worlds of Knowledge (d) Data Mining (e) Home Networks
  • Differentiate Information Management and Knowledge Management.
  • What do you understand by Intellectual Property Rights? Express various areas of Intellectual Property Rights.

Management of Library and Information Centres

  • Describe modern management theory. Discuss the applicability of management theories in libraries and information centres.
  • Define the budget and describe its different types. Explain the factors to be taken into, account while formulating a budget.
  • Describe different types and elements of cost.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Quality circles (b) Forces of change (c) Principles of planning (d) Product life cycle (e) Flowcharting (f) Change Management Iceberg (g) Different types of systems (h) Induction and deployment of personnel (i) Control instruments (j) Market segmentation (k) Critical Path (l) Zero-based budget (m) Performance appraisal (n) Issues in developing e-Marketing strategy
  • Discuss the development of the Neo-classical theory of Management with special emphasis on the human relations school.
  • What do you understand by Total Quality Management (TQM)? Discuss its relevance in the context of library and information services.
  • Enumerate various steps, methods and procedures involved in the evaluation of information services.
  • Describe different cost analysis approaches. Compare and contrast cost-effectiveness analysis with cost-benefit analysis by providing suitable examples.
  • Discuss Fayol's principles of management. Explain their relevance in the management of libraries and information centres.
  • Describe in brief the behavioural approach towards leadership.

Preservation and Conservation of Library Materials

  • Discuss why preservation is considered an important aspect of librarianship. Explain the basic considerations for formulating a strategy for the preservation of library material.
  • Describe different types of magnetic media and discuss their care and handling aspects.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Dehumidification (b) Papyrus as writing material (c) Preventive conservation (d) De - acidification process (e) Reinforced library binding (f) Varieties of paper (g) Adhesives used in binding (h) Clay tablet (i) Advantages and disadvantages of microfilming (j) Preparation of material for binding
  • Describe the inherent and external causes of the deterioration of library materials.
  • Describe the care and handling of plastic materials.
  • Describe the general requirements which help safeguard library collection from damage by biological pests.
  • Describe the methods of handling non-book materials.
  • Write short notes on the following - (a) Care and handling of microfilms (b) Leather as a covering material for books (c) Chemicals used for removal of strains (d) Salvage procedures for electronic resources (e) Birch bark manuscript
  • Describe the guidelines for the disaster planning process in a library.
  • Describe the salvage procedure for photographic materials. 

Research Methodology Question Paper

  • Discuss the general characteristics of modern research. What are the criteria to be considered for the selection of a research topic?
  • Define and explain the term 'hypothesis', and describe its usefulness in conducting research.
  • What do you mean by a 'case study'? Explain the steps involved in designing a case study to solve a research problem.
  • Explain the concepts of statistical inference and statistical estimation.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Applied and action research (b) Instrument of survey work (c) Types of interviews (d) Regression analysis (e) Frequency polygon (f) Spiral of the scientific method (g) Ethics of research (h) Electronic surveys (i) Time series analysis (j) Graphical presentation.
  • What do you mean by 'research plan'? Discuss the types and structure of the research proposal.
  • Explain the features and importance of SPSS.
  • Explain the concept of survey research. Describe the instruments of survey research.
  • What are the measures of Dispersion? Explain with suitable illustrations.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Historical Research (b) Types of Variables (c) Linear Regression (d) Time Series Analysis (e) Null vs Alternative Hypothesis (f) Measures of Central Tendency (g) CAT Interview (h) Rating Scales (i) Probability Sampling.

Academic Library System

  • Define the basic objectives of academic libraries and identify the differences in School, College and University Libraries.
  • What do you understand by Collection Organisation? Discuss the various activities involved in it.
  • Explain the role of UGC in the curriculum development programme in Library and Information Science.
  • What do you mean by library governing body? State its need, powers and functions.
  • What is a Library Budget? Discuss the various types of budgets.
  • How has Information Technology (IT) changed the entire concept of library services? Explain.
  • Explain the categories of staff in academic libraries and describe their role and responsibilities. Describe the norms of UGC and AICTE staffing patterns in a university library system.
  • Briefly discuss the types and functions of academic libraries.
  • Discuss the role of international agencies involved in imparting continuing education programmes to LIS professionals.
  • Explain the categories of staff found in academic libraries and describe their roles and responsibilities.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Stock Verification (b) Per Capita Method for Financial Estimation (c)  Bibliographic Services (d) Job Evaluation (e) Teleconferencing (f) Book Selection Policy (g) Shelf Rectification (h) Cost Accounting (i) Weeding out Library Materials (j) Document delivery service (k) Zero-based budgeting (l) User education.
  • Distinguish between library cooperation and resource sharing.
  • Describe the acquisition procedure in a university library.
  • Describe the document delivery and bibliographic information services of INFLIBNET.

Technical Writing Questions

  • Distinguish between technical writing and creative writing. Explain the technical writing skills of information professionals.
  • What do you understand by reader analysis? Discuss writing situations in relation to different target groups.
  • What do you understand by aberrations in technical writing? Explain a few problems that can arise in the actual process of writing.
  • What is copy editing? Elaborate on the different elements to be checked in copy editing.
  • Write short notes on the following - (a) Oral communication (b) Readability yardstick (c) Mechanics (d) Dissertations (e) Editor's skills (f) Corporate writing (g) Developmental paragraphs (h) Readability and comprehension (i) Collection of data (j) Peer review (k) Word structure in technical writing (l) Descriptive discourse (m) Preparation of review articles (n) Effective use of punctuation in writings (o) Rogets Thesaurus (p) Readability formula (q) Role of appendix (r) In-house bulletins (s) Proposal writing (t) Creative writing (u) Reader analysis (v) Regional Dialects (w) Illustrations (x) Short communications.
  • Describe the steps involved in the writing process.
  • What is a review article? Explain its types, features and method of presentation.
  • What is a proposal? Describe the characteristics and components of a proposal.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Style manual (b) Fog Index (c) Flesh Formula (d) Dissertation versus Thesis (e) Corporate writing.

Informetrics And Scientometrics

  • What is a scale? Describe different types of scales for the measurement of information.
  • Discuss informativeness and describe its properties.
  • Define science indicators Discuss various categories of literature-based indicators.
  • Define 'random variables'. Describe the probability distribution, mean, and variance of a random variable with examples.
  • Define 'cluster analysis.' Explain how to measure the distance using clusters.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Rank frequency approach (b) Human resource indicators (c) Regression equation (d) Multicollinearity (e) Cito-analytical studies (f) Groos droop (g) Cognitive mapping (h) Coefficient of variation (i) Lotka's law (j) Publication indicators (k) Size-frequency distribution (l) Cocitation Coupling (m) Growth models (n) Applications of probability (o) Measures of central tendency
  • What is meant by S and T indicators? Discuss its different types.
  • Explain Bradford's law of scattering. Discuss its applications in libraries and information centres.
  • Write short notes on the following - (a) De Solla Price's theory for growth of literature (b) Measures of rating obsolescence of literature (c) Bibliographic coupling (d) Poisson's distribution (e) Informativeness
  • What are the steps involved in the classification and tabulation of data? Discuss giving your own examples.
  • What is the obsolescence of literature? Define and explain.
  • What is scientific productivity? Discuss the problems of its measurement.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Testing of a questionnaire (b) Normal distribution (c) Standardization of measurement (d) Multicollinearity (e) Types of the scientometric map.

Public Library System And Services

  • Define 'public library'? Describe the factors which played a significant role in the growth of the public library as a social institution.
  • What are the different approaches to public library financing? Describe the sources of public library finance.
  • How are the different sections of a public library organised? Explain.
  • Discuss the areas where information technology can be applied in the public library's functioning.
  • Write short notes on the following - (a) School - cum - village libraries (b) Manpower management in public libraries (c) Community information services (d) Planning of the interior of the public library (e) Public libraries in the USA (f) UNESCO Public Library Manifesto - 1994 (g) NAPLIS (h) HRM (i) Forerunners of public libraries (j) Sources of public library finance (k) POSDCORB (l) DELNET
  • What do you understand by library extension services? Discuss in detail the extension services offered by public libraries.
  • Define the term 'standards' in the context of public libraries. Discuss the Indian public library standards developed by RRRLF.
  • Write short notes on the following - (a) the Role of Central Government in Promoting Public Libraries (b) Extension Services (c) Mobile Libraries (d) Public Library in the UK (e) RRRLF (f) Academic Libraries.

Information Sources Systems And Programmes

  • What do you understand by de - institutionalised information service? Discuss its types with the help of suitable examples.
  • What are referral centres? Differentiate between libraries and referral centres. Discuss the activities of any two referral centres.
  • Discuss the basic processes involved in the planning and management of IAC centres. Enumerate some. IAC centres in India and describe the activities of anyone in detail.
  • Discuss the characteristics and functions of information intermediaries. Explain the role of the Internet in intermediary functions.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) New millennium organisations (b) Clearing houses (c) Microforms (d) MEDLARS (e) Types and functions of reviews.
  • What do you understand by socio-economic data systems? Discuss the organization of the socio-economic data system in India.
  • Define multimedia, hypermedia and hypertext. Discuss their usefulness.
  • Discuss the role of IFLA in the development of library and information services.
  • What do you understand by house journals? Describe the different categories of house journals and their importance as information sources.
  • Enumerate different categories of aids to information sources. Explain any four of them.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Information manager network (b) Institute of scientific information (c) Machine translation (d) Technological gatekeeping (e) Intelligent agents (f) CODATA (g) Electronic Document Delivery Service (h) Invisible Colleges (i) Trend Reports (j) Disintermediation.
  • ‘‘Print media and non-print media, both will co-exist for a long time to come.’’ Discuss.

Information Processing And Retrieval Question Paper

  • Discuss the need and purpose of an indexing language. Describe its types with examples.
  • What do you understand by the -term - 'vocabulary control'? Explain its methods and tools.
  • What is a pre - coordinate indexing system? Explain the working of the chain procedure with an example.
  • Describe ISBD (ER) with examples.
  • Enumerate the information retrieval models based on theories and tools. Explain the vector space model.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Intellectual organisation of information (b) POPSI (c) LCSCL (d) BSO (e) Special auxiliaries in UDC (f) IR model based on input/output (g) Recall and precision (h) CCF (i) IR features of digital libraries (j) UNICODE (k) MARC - 21 (l) HTML (m) Retrieval features of web search engines (n) Methods of Vocabulary control (o) Online Public Access Catalogues (OPACs) - features and functions.
  • Define the term 'Thesaurus'. Explain the process of its construction.
  • Discuss the need and guidelines for web content development.
  • Discuss the principal issues and areas of compatibility in the ISAR system.
  • Define Pre - coordinate indexing. Describe Farradane's Relational Indexing System with examples.
  • What is the ‘Semantic Web’? Explain its key technologies.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) the Need for Controlled Vocabulary for Indexing (b) the Order of Main Classes in the Colon Classification (c) the Uses of Citation Indexing (d) Designing a Database Management System (DBMS) (e) Cutter’s Rule for Subject Indexing.

Fundamentals Of ICT Questions

  • What is meant by markup languages? Discuss the different types of markup languages stating their merits and emeritus.
  • Briefly explain the forms of switching techniques used in telecommunication networks.
  • What is e-publishing? Discuss the issues associated with e-publishing.
  • What do you understand by bibliographic utility networks? Explain the major bibliographic utility networks at the international level.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Multi-user operating systems (b) Mobile networks (c) Access Vs. Service Convergence (d) E-Zine (e) Consortium of University Research Libraries (CURL) (f) Goals of Convergence (g) Program Development Lifecycle (h) Difference between Algorithm and Flowchart (i) Platemaking (j) Types of Microforms
  • What is a library network? Discuss the important activities of INFLIBNET.
  • Explain the difference between ‘multimedia’, ‘hypermedia’ and ‘hypertext’. Describe the role of hypermedia and hypertext in information delivery.
  • Describe the different types of switching techniques used in telecommunication networks.
  • Mention different types of e-journals. Explain their merits and demerits.
  • Explain the ISO/OSI reference model with the help of a diagram.
  • Distinguish between ‘system software’ and ‘application software’. Discuss different types of operating systems.
  • Write short notes on the following - (a) Mark up language (b) Circuit switching (c) Silk screen printing (d) Client-server architecture (e) Cooperative cataloguing

Applications of ICT

  • What is meant by dependency in the context of DBMS? Describe the different types of dependencies with examples.
  • Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of normalization of relations in database design. Describe the techniques of normalization with examples.
  • What is meant by protocol? Enumerate different Internet protocols and explain any three of them.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) RAID technology (b) BIT depth (c) D - space (d) 151 alerting services (e) Role of library management system in housekeeping operations (f) Database architecture (g) Web-based user education (h) Publishers of e-Resources (i) Firewall (j) Search strategy (k) OPAC (l) Meta search engine (m) XML (n) FTP
  • What is World Wide Web? Discuss its features and working.
  • Describe the different Internet Protocols.
  • Define digitisation. Discuss its need and the criteria for the selection of material for digitisation.
  • Describe the functions of a computerised circulation module. Discuss its advantages.
  • What do you understand by a data model? Explain its different types.
  • What is a news filtering service? Describe some such services with examples.
  • Write an essay on internet security. Describe various services that may be provided using the Internet.

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