M.A 1st Year Geography Important Questions 2024

In this post m.a 1st year geography important questions are being given for the 2024 session. 

You can get good marks in the upcoming examination by solving these questions. 

These questions have been taken from the question paper of the previous examination. 

These questions are being asked again and again in the exam and can be asked again in the upcoming m.a first year geography exam. 

To prepare answers to these questions, you have to read the concerned chapter. 

For this, you can take the help of your university textbook. 

You can make your career by studying geography subject. 

If these questions do not match your syllabus, you can use them as practice papers for the geography model paper 2024. 

In geography important topics, you will study geographical thought, climatology and oceanography, regional and general geography, world economics, human and population, and cartography geography.

Questions based on these topics are given here.

You have to attempt all the questions for the preparation of geography notes. 

Write the answer in the language you opted for the exam.

Write the answer to the questions in your own words. 

This process will help you to revise the answer in a very short time.

As well as you will remember it for a long period too. 

Let's start to write the answer.


M.A. Geography Important Questions

Geographical Thought Important Questions For M.A. 1st Year

  • What is Geography? Give an account of its relationship with other sciences.
  • Describe the contributions of Arab Geographers in the development of Geography.
  • Describe the contribution of Greek and Roman geographers to the development of Geography.
  • Evaluate the contributions of Ritter in the development of modern geography.
  • Describe the contributions of Humboldt in the development of geographical knowledge.
  • Review the contributions of Ratzel in various branches of geography.
  • Discuss the contribution of W.M. Davis to the emergence of modern geography.
  • Give an account of the development of Scientific geography during the European Renaissance.
  • Present an analytical study of geography as a Landscape Science.
  • Describe various types of explanations in geography.
  • Give an account of the quantitative revolution in geography.
  • What is Humanistic Geography? Describe its subject matter and methodology.
  • Describe the meaning and scope of applied geography.
  • Present a critical study of Radical Geography.
  • What do you understand by the system approach in geography? Discuss its different types.
  • Highlight differences in hypothesis, theory, and law.
  • What is a Region? Explain the methods of delimiting regions.
  • Define spatial Organization and analyze its structural form.
  • Discuss the re-emergence of the ecological approach in geography.
  • Describe recent trends in modern Indian Geography.


Geomorphology Important Questions M.A. 1st Year

  • Describe the characteristics of the Distribution of land and water over the surface of the earth.
  • Describe the nature and scope of Geomorphology.
  • Examine critically the views of Pratt and Airy regarding isostasy?
  • Discuss the internal structure of the earth with special reference to the evidence of Seismology.
  • Give a detailed account of Plate Tectonics theory.
  • Give an account of the Continental Drift Theory.
  • Compare the views of Davis and Penck regarding the cycle of erosion.
  • What do you mean by rejuvenation? Discuss the role of rejuvenation in the development of polycyclic landforms.
  • Give an account of the features of Karst's topography.
  • Describe with sketches the landforms caused by volcanic activities.
  • What are exogenetic forces? Describe their role in the evolution of landforms.
  • Give an account of the origin and evolution of the Himalayas.
  • Discuss the geomorphological evolution of Peninsular India.
  • Discuss the concept of grade and slope.
  • Give an account of the fluvial geomorphology of Ganga Plain.
  • What is a Tsunami? How are they caused and what are their effects?
  • What is an earthquake? Describe the causes of its origin.
  • What do you mean by geomorphic hazards? Describe the main geomorphic hazards.
  • Describe the meaning and scope of Applied Geomorphology.


M.A. 1st Year Climatology And Oceanography Imp Questions

  • Describe the thermal structure of the atmosphere.
  • Describe the meaning and scope of Climatology.
  • Describe the salient features of principal Local Winds.
  • Describe the factors that influence the distribution of pressure belts on the surface of the earth.
  • Give an account of the types of fronts and associated weather conditions.
  • Discuss the factors influencing insolation over the surface of the earth.
  • Discuss Koppen's Scheme of classification of climate.
  • What is a Cyclone? Describe the salient features of tropical cyclones.
  • Examine critically the evidence of climatic change.
  • What is global warming? Discuss its causes.
  • Describe the meaning and scope of Oceanography.
  • Describe the bottom relief of the Atlantic Ocean.
  • What do you mean by tides? Explain the theories regarding its origin.
  • What is Ocean current? Describe the ocean currents of either the Atlantic or the Pacific Ocean.
  • Discuss the factors influencing the horizontal distribution of temperature in ocean water.
  • Give an account of the ocean deposits.
  • Give an account of any two theories related to the origin of coral reefs.
  • Describe the main marine biotic resources.
  • Describe the types and causes of changes in Sea-level.


M.A. 1st Year Important Questions Of General Geography Of India

  • Describe the geological evolution of the Himalayas.
  • Describe the geological structure of Peninsular India.
  • Discuss the various theories put formally to explain the origin of the Indian Monsoon.
  • Analyze the regional and seasonal variation of rainfall in India.
  • Give an account of various types of vegetation in India.
  • Discuss the problem of soil erosion in India.
  • Analyze the distribution of population in India.
  • Give an account of the trend of growth of population in India.
  • Examine the population problems of India.
  • Trace the trend and direction of internal migration in India.
  • Give an account of the energy resources of India.
  • "Forest resources are significant not only for economic reasons but also for maintaining ecological balance". Explain this with reference to India.
  • Describe the livestock resources of India.
  • Divide India into broad agricultural regions and describe their chief characteristics.
  • Discuss the role of airways in the development of the Indian economy.
  • Describe the role of railways in the development of the Indian economy.
  • Give an account of the development of the chemical industry in India.
  • Give an account of the localization of the cotton textile industry in India.
  • What do you mean by industrial decentralization? How much have the industrial policies helped the decentralization of industries in India?
  • Examine critically the Industrial Policy of India.


M.A 1st Year Regional Geography Of India Imp Questions

  • Explain different schemes of classification of India into geographical regions.
  • Name the northern plains of India and provide a geographical account of the Punjab Plain.
  • Give a balanced regional account of the Lower Ganga Plain.
  • Give a balanced geographical account of the Deccan Lava Region.
  • Provide a geographical account of the Malabar Coastal Region.
  • Divide India into Agro-climatic Regions and describe their chief characteristics.
  • Give an account of the regional economic disparity in India.
  • Describe the cultural regions of India.
  • Describe the problems of the Hill Areas of India and the effects to mitigate them.
  • Describe the industrial regions of India.
  • Give a Geographical account of North Bihar Plain.
  • Provide a balanced geographical account of the Damodar Valley Region.
  • Provide a geographical account of the Pat Region.
  • Describe the metallic mineral-based industries of the Subarnarekha Valley Region.
  • Give a balanced geographical account of Chaibasa Plain.
  •  Present a comparative study of the Eastern and Western Himalayas in the context of drainage.
  • Present a comparative study of rainfall in the Western and Eastern Himalayas.
  • Present a comparative account of the population in the Tamilnadu and Chotanagpur Regions.
  • Give a comparative account of Rajasthan and Assam Valley.


M.A. 1st Year World Economic Geography Important Questions

  • What is the resource? Classify the resources.
  • Define economic geography and discuss its scope.
  • Why has the problem of food and nutrition emerged only in developing countries?
  • Give an account of the distribution and salient features of commercial grain farming worldwide.
  • Discuss the production and distribution of coal in the U.S.A.
  • Describe the production and distribution of petroleum in India.
  • Describe the localization of the sugar industry in the world.
  • Name important agro-based industries and describe any one of them in detail.
  • Give an account of the industrial regions of the U.S.A.
  • Discuss the importance of the North Atlantic Route in World Trade.
  • Divide Japan into industrial regions and describe their chief characteristics.
  • Describe the main features of 'ASEAN' as a regional block.
  • Discuss the importance of the Suez Canal in world trade.
  • Describe the major constraints in the industrial development of developing countries.
  • Describe the impact of WTO (World Trade Organisation) on international trade.
  • Divide India into industrial regions and describe them in brief.
  • How far has economic liberalization influenced the world economy?
  • Describe the causes of the development of readymade garments and hosiery industries in India.
  • Discuss the changing pattern of international trade.
  • Describe accessibility and connectivity with examples.


M.A First Year Human And Geography Important Questions

  • Discuss the dichotomy between Physical and Human Geography.
  • Describe the meaning and scope of human geography.
  • Divide the world into major cultural regions and describe their main characteristics.
  • Discuss the relationship between the natural environment and human activities.
  • Give an account of the evolution of mankind.
  • What do you mean by culture? Describe the elements of culture.
  • Give an account of the development of model building in human geography.
  • Give an account of the early economic activities of mankind.
  • Discuss the component of the Human Development Index (HDI)
  • Describe the characteristics of modern agriculture in the World.
  • What is population geography? Discuss its scope.
  • Discuss the determinants of Fertility.
  • Give an account of the regional pattern of literacy in the World.
  • Account for the changing pattern of the rural-urban composition of the population in developing countries.
  • Describe the types of relationships between environment and population.
  • Discuss the distributional pattern of population in the World.
  • Examine the different phases of Demographic Transition and tell in which phase India is presently placed?
  • Describe the salient features of population policies of developing countries.
  • Throw light on the causes and consequences of international migration.
  • Discuss the optimum population theory.


M.A. 1st Year Cartography Important Questions 

  • Describe the nature and scope of Cartography.
  • Give an account of the history of the development of map-making.
  • What is the meaning of scale in geography? Describe different methods of representing it on maps.
  • What do you mean by comparative scale? Describe different types of comparative scales.
  • Describe the structure, merits, and demerits of choropleth.
  • Why is the representation of statistical data necessary? Describe different methods of representing data.
  • Give an account of different scales of topographical maps.
  • How are relief features and drainage shown on topographical sheets?
  • Discuss the structure, merits, and demerits of Hythergraph.
  • Describe the construction, merits, and demerits of Climograph.
  • Define thematic cartography and discuss the utility of thematic maps.
  • Define Map Projection and describe its various types.
  • Describe the merits and demerits of Cylindrical Projection.
  • Describe the process, merits, and demerits of the Closed Traverse Survey.
  • Discuss the process, merits, and demerits of the Open Traverse Survey.
  • Define Mean and describe its various types.
  • Describe the meaning and importance of correlation.
  • What is the analysis of variance? How is it done?
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Standard Deviation (b) Purposive Sampling (c) Thematic cartography

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