M.A. First Year Environmental Science Important Questions 2024

This post is giving m.a. first year environmental science important questions 2024.

By solving these questions you can score good marks on the exam. 

These questions have appeared in the exam in the past as well and are also important for the upcoming exam. 

By preparing answers to these questions and practicing them, the questions asked in the exam can be easily solved. 

To solve these m.a agriculture important questions, you have to read your books. 

The concept of the lesson has to be understood. 

After that, the answers to the questions have to be prepared by writing in your own words. 

This process will help you in making m.a first year environmental science notes. 

All environmental science students know that there is a possibility of getting a good job after studying this subject. 

To remember the answers to these questions, you should try to write them again and again from your memory in the second copy. 

With this process, you will be able to remember the answers to environmental science important questions for a long time. 

To do revision easily, you also have to keep the points of environmental science important topics ready by writing. 

So let's know what are the important questions of Environmental Studies.

Come to the point.

M.A. First Year Environmental Science Question Paper

Ecology And Environmental Science Imp Questions For M.A First Year

  • Introduce Environmental Science as a subject of study. Discuss the relationship between man and the environment.
  • Give an account of the structure and composition of the atmosphere.
  • Describe the following as segments of the environment- (i) Hydrosphere (ii) Biosphere 
  • What do you mean by Autecology? Present an account of its various aspects.
  • What are the characteristics of fresh water? Describe, in brief, types of freshwater bodies giving suitable examples.
  • Define Ecology. Give an account of its principles and scope.
  • What are biogeochemical cycles? Describe either the Nitrogen Cycle or the Sulpher Cycle in detail.
  • Define Ecosystem. Discuss various components of the ecosystem.
  • What do you mean by food chain? Discuss with suitable examples.
  • What do you mean by the flow of energy in an ecosystem? Describe in detail.
  • Write an essay on ecological pyramids.
  • Describe different components of the forest ecosystem.
  • Define Bio-Community. Throw light on its ecological successions.
  • Give an account of the salient features of primary and secondary productivity.
  • What is meant by Population Ecology? Describe, in brief, the role of the Quadrant in the measurement of population density.
  • Give an account of the marine ecosystem.
  • Define ecological succession and discuss its types.
  • Write short notes on the following - (a) Prey-Predator Relationship (b) Biogeochemical Cycles (c) Eutrophication (d) Second Law of Thermodynamics (e) Biome (f) Population Ecology.

M.A 1st Year Geo-science And Environmental Science Imp Questions 

  • Critically examine the Tidal theory propounded by Jeans and Jeffereys regarding the origin of the solar system.
  • Explain the hypothesis of Laplace regarding the origin of the solar system.
  • Give a reasoned account of the origin of ocean currents with special reference to either Indian or Atlantic ocean currents.
  • How does seismology throw light on the internal structure of the earth? Discuss.
  • What do you mean by humidity in the atmosphere? Discuss different forms of condensation in the atmosphere.
  • What are the sources of salt in ocean water? Give an account of the salinity in oceanic water.
  • What are the reasons for the earth's movement on the earth? What is their impact on the earth?
  • Discuss the evolution and growth of life in the biosphere.
  • Discuss the factors which influence the distribution of temperature over the earth.
  • Define biomes and describe the biomes of the tropical region.
  • Compare the tropical and temperate cyclones. Describe the causes of the origin of the tropical cyclone.
  • Give an account of the theories regarding the origin of the Indian Monsoon.
  • Discuss the impact of trace elements on electrolyte balance and the immune system. (Prepare a list of trace elements and discuss their influence on human health.)
  • What is the Green House Effect? Discuss its principle and consequences of increasing the greenhouse effect.
  • Distinguish between the following pair of terms- (i) Troposphere and Stratosphere (ii) Weather and Climate 
  • Describe the oxides of Nitrogen and oxides of sulfur as pollutants. What is their effect on human health?
  • Discuss the various aspects of either the hydrological cycle or the carbon cycle.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) El-Nino (b) Catastrophic impact of Flood (c) Ecological features of Biosphere (d) Tides (f) El-Nino (g) Heat Budget of the Atmosphere.

M.A.1st Year Environmental Chemistry Important Questions

  • Highlight the importance of Environmental Chemistry in the study of Environmental Education.
  • Describe in brief different methods for expressing the strength of solutions.
  •  'Atmosphere is the most important component of the biosphere'. Explain the statement.
  • "Oxygen plays a key role in the troposphere, while ozone, in the stratosphere". Elaborate on the statement.
  • What is the ozone layer? How does it benefit life on Earth?
  • Can sea water become a source of drinking water in the future? Substantiate your answer describing the methods of desalination of seawater.
  • Distinguish between Soft Water and Hard Water. Describe, in brief, various methods to remove hardness from water.
  • Define Soil. Give an account of its various components.
  • What is acidic soil? How is this soil formed? How can it be reclaimed for agriculture?
  • What are bio-indicators? Describe in brief the types and uses of bio-indicators.
  • Examine the function of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium as nutrients in plants. Discuss the deficiency systems of these plant nutrients.
  • Describe the sources of any two of the following toxic metals in the biosphere and their biochemical effects- (a) Lead (b) Mercury (c) Cadmium
  • Describe, in brief, the sources and effects of toxic chemicals in natural water and wastewater.
  • What is hummus? What is the importance of humus in agriculture?
  • Name a few important synthetic pesticides and describe in brief the harmful effect of these pesticides on humans and other life forms.
  • What do you understand by precipitation? How would you determine the amount of sulfate per liter in a given aqueous solution?
  • How is Global Warming related to increasing greenhouse gases in the atmosphere? Describe in brief the probable consequences of Global Warming on life forms and the physical environment of the earth.
  • Describe the importance of Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD) and Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) as parameters to assess the quality of wastewater.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Green House Gases (b) the pH of a Solution (c) the Threshold Limiting Value (TLV) of toxic substances (d) the Kyoto Protocol (e) the IPCC Report.

M.A. 1st Year Biodiversity Important Questions 

  • Define Biodiversity. Describe in brief three distinct levels of biodiversity.
  • Divide India into bio-geographical zones and discuss their salient features.
  • "India is a mega-biodiversity nation". Elaborate on the statement with suitable examples.
  • Categorize the threatened species of the World as per the IUCN-Red list and explain their present status.
  • Give an account of the methods of conservation of biodiversity. What is in-situ conservation?
  • Examine various challenges before the implementation of biodiversity conventions.
  • What is Endemism? Do you agree that India is rich in endemic flora and fauna?
  • Discuss the role of microorganisms in the treatment of solid wastes.
  • Trace the growth history of Microbiology. What are its scope and importance?
  • Present an account of the salient features of fermentation technology.
  • What do you understand by biofertilizers? What are their benefits?
  • What is the bio-geo-chemical cycle? Write a descriptive account of the importance of the biogeochemical cycle.
  • Give a few instances of people-wildlife conflict. What measures do you suggest to mitigate such conflicts?
  • What is Vermi-Compost? Describe, in brief, the different stages of vermicomposting.
  • What are Xenobiotics? How can Xenobiotics be degraded using recombinant DNA technology?
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) In-situ conservation of bio-diversity (b) Symbiosis (c) Bio-fertilizers (d) Vermi-Compost (e) Cartogona Protocol (f) Nitrogen Cycle.

M.A. First Year Natural Resources-Conservation Questions

  • Define natural resources. Classify natural resources on various bases.
  • Explain the types of forests in India and their spatial distribution.
  • Give an account of the causes of the degradation of natural resources and measures to conserve them.
  • What is biodiversity? What are the causes of declining bio-diversity in modern times?
  • Describe the economic and environmental importance of forest resources.
  • What is Deforestation? What are the main causes behind the large-scale destruction of forest areas in modern times?
  • Describe the need for water resource conservation and methods used for the conservation of different water resources.
  • Classify energy sources and explain, in detail, their importance in the economic progress of a nation.
  • Explain the process of soil formation. Describe the impact of climatic factors in the formation of soil.
  • Why is the Conservation of soil required? Describe important measures for soil conservation.
  • Write an essay on new probable sources of energy.
  • "Ocean is the storehouse of resources". Elucidate the statement with examples.
  • Describe the reserves, distribution, production, and related problems of fisheries in India.
  • Why is there a need for equitable use of natural resources? Explain with examples.
  • What do you mean by mineral resources? Describe the need and methods for the conservation of mineral resources.
  • What do you understand by biotic resources? Give an account of the importance of livestock resources in India in this context.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Apiculture in India (b) Rainwater Harvesting (c) Solar Energy (d) Joint Forest Management (e) Wetlands as a Resource (f) River Water Disputes.

M.A. 1st Year Agriculture And Forestry Questions

  • What is the meaning of Agriculture? Why is it essential for India?
  • Discuss the concept of sustainable agriculture and describe its various ingredients.
  • What are multiple cropping systems? How many crops can be grown in multiple cropping systems? Describe with examples.
  • Critically evaluate the merits and demerits of indigenous Indian agriculture practices.
  • What do you mean by organic farming? Why is organic farming a demand of the day?
  • What is a patent? Describe the various requirements for patenting. How is it obtained?
  • What are the elements required for the balanced growth of plants? Describe the deficiency systems caused by either Nitrogenous or Phosphatic fertilizers in plants.
  • Write short notes on the following- (i) Indigenous Agriculture (ii) Vermicompost (iii) Bio-fertilizer (iv) Integrated Paste Management 
  • What is Bio-fertilizer? Discuss its importance.
  • Describe the economic and environmental importance of forest resources.
  • Describe the utility of plant biotechnology in plant breeding.
  • Describe the importance of moisture to the vegetation. How does rainfall influence the distribution of the forests?
  • Classify Indian forests and discuss their salient features.
  • What do you understand by the term Integrated Forest Management? What are the benefits and bottlenecks of Integrated Forest Management?
  • What is Agro-Forestry? Describe the benefits of the integration of agriculture and forestry.
  • Write the aim and basic objectives of National Forest Policy, 1988.
  • Explain the role of forests in checking soil erosion and flood.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Agro-forestry (b) Forest-based Industries (c) the Role of forests in preserving bio-diversity (d) Afforestation (f) Joint-Forest Management (g) Green Belts (h) Social Forestry.

M.A. 1st Year Energy And Environmental Science Questions

  • Give an account of alternative energy sources. How can they bring sustainability to the use of energy?
  • Classify energy sources. Discuss the contribution of Energy to the development of a nation.
  • How is Carbon dioxide (CO2) per capita is related to the energy consumption of a country? Give a few examples in support of your answer.
  • Explain Sun as a source of inexhaustible energy. List the main applications of solar energy in India.
  • What are the environmental effects of oil exploration, transportation, and uses?
  • "Natural gas provides clean energy". Explain the statement enlisting environmental impact analysis.
  • Analyze and assess the importance of either the Kyoto Protocol or the Montreal Protocol.
  • Define photosynthesis. How it is helpful in the primary productivity and biomass formation in the biosphere?
  • Solar energy accounts for almost all forms of renewable energy sources. If you agree with the statement, then give reasons in support of it.
  • What is the difference between nuclear power generation based on nuclear fission and nuclear fusion? Describe, in brief, the health effect of nuclear power plants.
  • Throw light on the environmental impact of increasing Green House Gases in the atmosphere.
  • What are fossil fuels? How is the use of fossil fuels as a source of energy related to the pollution problem of our times?
  • Throw light on the importance of bio-energy and bio-fuels. What are the problems in their large-scale production?
  • What are the environmental impacts of harnessing geothermal, wave, and tidal energy? Discuss with reasons
  • Discuss the impact of air pollution on human health.
  • How Ozone is formed in the atmosphere? Discuss the causes and consequences of its depletion.
  • What do you understand by Urban Heat Island? Explain it with reasons.
  • Analyze the flow of energy in the bio-ecosystem.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Photosynthesis (b) Tidal Energy (c) Nuclear Fission (d) Hydrogen Energy (e) Global Warming (f) Kyoto Protocol.

M.A. 1st Year Pollution And Control Imp Questions

  • What is Vehicular Pollution? Describe the measures to prevent and control Vehicular pollution.
  • Define the terms 'Pollutant' and 'Pollution'. Describe the main sources of air pollution.
  • What is industrial Pollution? Discuss its sources and measures of Control.
  • What do you mean by Water Pollution? Explain the point source and non-point source of water pollution citing suitable examples.
  • Give an account of the important steps in the purification of raw water for drinking purposes.
  • What is Acid Rain? Describe, in brief, the causes and consequences of Acid Rain.
  • Discuss the impact of different soil pollutants on the physical, chemical, and biological properties of soil.
  • How is Soil Pollution defined? Describe the various sources of soil pollution.
  • How is noise pollution related to the modernization and urbanization of Society? What is its impact on human health?
  • Throw light on the importance and limitations of either Air Quality Indices or Water Quality Indices.
  • Write a note on thermal pollution and describe its effect on the aquatic ecosystem.
  • Define Radioactive pollution and mention its harmful effects. What measures should be taken to reduce the harm?
  • Write a brief account of Noise Pollution Standards in India.
  • Soil micro-organisms play an important role in terrestrial ecosystems. Elaborate on the statement.
  • Discuss Oil Pollution of the marine ecosystems.
  • What do you mean by Wasteland? Classify them.
  • How does the land become waste due to erosion? Explain the measures of reclamation of eroded land.
  • Write short notes on the following- (a) Causes and Consequences of Acid Rain (b) Thermal Pollution (c) Bio-medical Waste (d) Environmental Responsibilities of Industries (e) Bio-Medical Waste (f) Pesticidal Pollution.

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