M.A 2nd Year Economics Syllabus 2023

Today you will get an m.a 2nd year economics syllabus 2022 and 2023 sessions in detail. 

As you know that syllabus is a part of education and it is playing a vital role in the study. 

This is a predefined part of the subject, which provide genuine guidelines to the students, what is the right direction of study. 

Without a syllabus, you can not move forward for the whole financial year study. 

Every university announces the new or amended m.a economics syllabus for a new joiner.

Sometimes the concerned authority delays the process. 

That time you can get the benefits of this one and start to prepare your m.a economics notes instantly. 

This syllabus included the all lessons, which are necessary for the second year examination preparation.

M.A second year syllabus economics 2023 is part of the motivation.

This m.a final economics syllabus includes information on classroom training, lectures, group discussions, projects, and assignments.

The scope of ma economics subjects is large in the context of career-making. 

If you study it seriously from the starting phase of education then definitely you will get a good job offer after completion of this course. 

So, focus on m.a economics syllabus second year. 

MA Economics Subjects List

MA Economics Subjects List Part 2

  1. Public Finance
  2. Money and Banking
  3. Research Methods in Economics
  4. Computer Applications in Economic Analysis
  5. International Trade
  6. Financial Institutions and Markets
  7. Project Work

M.A. 2nd Year Economics Syllabus

M.A 2nd Year 1st Paper Economics Syllabus

Paper-1 Public Finance

  • Unit-1: Principles of Public Finance: Principles of Maximum Social Advantage. Role of public finance in developing Economics. Fiscal economics: An overview. Of allocation, distribution, and stabilization. Functions. Market failure. Public goods and externalities. Public goods and free-rider problem.
  • Unit-2: Principles of Taxation: Meaning and type of taxes; requirements of a good tax structure. Approaches to taxation: microanalysis of direct and indirect taxes; individual income tax, corporation income tax, sales tax including value-added tax, and expenditure tax. Incidence of taxes; nature of tax burden and principles of tax incidence. Theories and measures of tax incidence. Effects of taxes on work efforts, savings, investment, and growth. The trade-off between equity and efficiency. Taxable capacity.
  • Unit-3: Economics of Public Debt and Public Expenditure: Sources of public debt. The classical theory of public debt. Compensatory aspects of debt policy. The burden of public debt. Management of public debt. Growth of internal and external public debt. in India. Theories of growth of public expenditure. The pattern of public expenditure. The pure theory of public expenditure. Growth of public expenditure in India.
  • Unit-4: Reforms in Budgeting System and Stabilization Policies: Performance and programming budgeting. Classification of budgets. Fiscal policy: traditional and modern views on fiscal policy. Instruments of fiscal policy; built-in-stabilizes and compensatory fiscal policy. Fiscal policy for stability and growth. Fiscal policy and economic development.

M.A 2nd Year 2nd Paper Economics Syllabus

Paper-2 Money and Banking

  • Unit-1: Theory of Commercial and Central Banking: Money markets and capital markets; commercial banks. Theories of commercial banking; Process of credit creation; Non-bank financial intermediaries (NBFI’s); Objectives and role of central banks in economic development; The currency and credit schools; Quantitative and qualitative methods of credit-controls.
  • Unit-2: The Theories of Demand and Supply of Money: Theories of demand for money; Classical Keynesian and Monetarist. Theories of money supply; The H’ Theory of Money Supply; Money multiplier process and its determinants; Commercial banks and the money multiplier; Factors affecting ‘H’ RBI analysis of money supply; Control of the money stock; Money stock and interest rates; monetary equilibrium: money in equilibrium and Non-equilibrium states; Neutrality of money.
  • Unit-3: Principles of Monetary Policy: Monetary Policy: Its meaning, objectives, framework, targets, and indicators of monetary policy; Transmission mechanism of monetary. Policy; Restrictive Vs. accommodating monetary policy; Need and effectiveness of monetary policy; Lags in monetary policy; Role of monetary policy in developing countries; Monetary and credit planning; Monetarist and Keynesian views on monetary policy.
  • Unit-4: Indian Money Market and International Financial Institutions: India and NBARD. Reserve Bank of India (RBI); Its working, functions, performance, and role in the economic development of India; RBI’s monetary policy; International Financial Institutions IMF, IBRD (World Bank), Asian Development Bank (ADB). International Development Association (IDA).

M.A. 2nd Year 3rd Paper Economics Syllabus

Paper-3 Research Methods in Economics

  • Unit-1: Introduction and History of OR, different features of operations re- search approach. Some definitions, Scientific methods in OR, Models, and Modelling in OR. General methods for solving OR Models, methodology of OR, Basic operation research models, and computer software for operations research. Linear programming, the structure of LP Model, the General Mathematical Model of Linear programming problems, LP model formulation of production, marketing finance, agriculture, and transportation.
  • Unit-2: Graphical solution methods of LP problems, including the Isoprofit (cost) function line approach. Some special cases: Simplex method, duality in LP programming problem and its economic interpretation, the difference between primal and dual, dual simplex method.
  • Unit-3: Goal programming, the difference between LP and GP approach, the concept of goal programming, GP model formulation, and Graphical solution method of GP. Modified simplex method of goal programming. An alternative simplex method for goal programming.
  • Unit-4: Transportation problem, the mathematical model of transportation problem, the transportation method, Methods for finding initial solutions Tests for optimality.

M.A. 2nd Year Economics 4th Paper Syllabus

Paper-4 Computer Application in Economic Analysis

  • Unit-1: Introduction to Computers: - History and Evolution of Computers; Generations of Computers; Computer: Definition, Characteristics and Limitations; Components of a Personal Computer System; Classification of Computers and their applications; Model and Functioning of a Digital Computer, Computer Vs. Human-Being.
  • Unit-2: Computer Fundamentals System - Meaning and Concept; Hardware, Software and Types of Software; Operating SystemMeaning and Functions; Memory-RAM and ROM; Input-Output Devices.
  • Unit-3: Computer Codes and Programming Fundamentals: Computer Languages - Machine, Assembly and High-Level Languages; Computer Translators - Assemblers, Compilers and Interpreters; Computer Codes; BCD, EBCDIC, ASCII, and Collating Sequence; Planning the Computer Program: Algorithm, Flowcharts and Computer Programs.
  • Unit-4: Business Data Processing Concepts Data and Information: Meaning, Types, Data Storage Hierarchy; Database Concepts; Database Management System, Data Base Structuring Techniques, Advantages and Limitations of Database System; Information Technology in Business: Internet, Intranet, Extranet, LAN, MAN, WAN, WWW, E-Mail, Search Engines, and EDI.

M.A. 2nd Year 5th Paper Economics Syllabus

Paper-5 - International Trade

  • Unit-1: Foreign trade multiplier with and without foreign repercussions and determination of national income and output; Relative merits and demerits of the fixed and flexible exchange rate in the context of growth and development in developing countries. Forms of economic cooperation; Static and Dynamic effects of the customs union and free trade areas.
  • Unit-2: International Monetary System and Trade Policies in India: Multilateralism and WTO; rise and fall off the gold standard and Bretton wood system; Need, adequacy and determinants of international reserves; Conditionality clause of IMF; Emerging International Monetary System with special reference to Post Maastrishit developments and developing countries; Reforms of the International Monetary System, Theory of regionalism at global level-collapse of Bretton wood system. Optimum currency Areas-Theory and impact in the developed and developing countries.
  • Unit-3: Indian and developing countries; Functions of GATT/WTO (TRIPS, TRIMS); Recent changes in the direction and composition of trade and their implication; Rationale and impact of trade reforms since 1991 on the balance of payments, employment and growth.
  • Unit-4: Problems of India's International debt; Working and regulations of MNCs in India, Instrument of export promotion and recent import and export policies and agenda for the future.

M.A 2nd Year Economics Syllabus 6th Paper

Paper-6 Financial Institutions and Market

  • Unit-1: Prolification of banking and non-bank financial intermediaries - Effectiveness of monetary Policy-Credit creation and its control; Profitability and efficiency of banks. Commercial banks and Cooperative banks.
  • Unit-2: Development banks- Role and functions; Investment and merchant banking; Financial sector reforms in India- Definition and types of non-bank financial institutions: Their growth and impact on India's economic development, Measures taken to control their operations.
  • Unit-3: Role of money market and capital market: Call money market, Treasury bill market, Commercial bill market including commercial paper and certificate of deposits, Discount market- Government securities market- Market for derivation: future and options, and other derivatives: types, uses and pricing of derivation- Primary and secondary market of securities.
  • Unit-4: SEBI: its impact on the working of capital market in India; IRDA and its role in financial markets - Theory of optimum currency areas - Euro-dollar and Euro-Currency markets-Their development role at the international level.

M.A 2nd Year Economics 7th Paper Question

Paper-7 Project Work

  • The student is expected to conduct an in-depth study on a topic and reveal his/her analytical and presentation skills. Therefore, the topic for the project report should be precise. The project Report should be about 8000-10000 words (about 50-60 pages), typed in double space. 

M.A Economics Books

M.A Economics Books Name Part 2

  • L.K Sharma - Operations Research" Theory and application
  • A Kaufmann - Methods and models of Operations Research
  • P.K Sinha - Computer Fundamental
  • S.C Gupta & V.K. Kapoor - Fundamentals of Applied Statistics
  • L.M Bhole - Financial Institutions and Markets
  • R.W Goldsmith - Financial Structure and Development
  • M.Y Khan - Indian Financial Systems

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Rajesh Deepak
My name is Rajesh Deepak. I am working in a Private Organization. I started this blog to provide good exam materials for students, who are preparing for the upcoming examinations.