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30+ Cell Organelles Mcq With Answers 2023-24

Cell organelles Multiple Choice Questions and answers have been given in this post.  These questions will improve your general knowledge.  You can also use this set of questions as cell organelles quiz worksheet answers.  These questions of Biology have also been asked in many examinations.  Must read them to answer the questions asked in general knowledge, quizzes, and competitive exams. You will find mcqs on cell organelles with answers pdf sets for practice on the internet.  Which you can use.  Here we will tell some more things about cell organelles.  Cell biology organelles and functions - These cell organelles include membrane and non-membrane-bound organelles.  They are present within the cells.  The cell organelles and components include the various vital components of the cell. That's the reticulum, endoplasmic, ribosomes, and microbodies? Now start to solve these Multiple Choice Questions on Cells and Cell Organelles. Important MCQs with Solutions on Cell Organelles Holoe Environmental Studies Syllabus 1st Year 2022-23

Today you will get the information of environmental studies semester-wise syllabus 1st year 2022 and 2023 sessions. 

This syllabus is only for the guidelines to students, who are in and did not know, what they have to learn. 

Every university issues a new EVs syllabus 1st year for the students. 

Sometimes they delay in this and students want to know about the learning material of this subject. 

That time you can use the environmental studies syllabus for 1st year studies.

This is the Compulsory Course for BCom students. 

The students have to learn about Introduction, Ecosystems, Biodiversity and Conservation, Environmental Pollution, and Global Environmental Issues under the sem 1 syllabus. 

The second semester contains Natural Resources, Environmental Management - Laws, Policies & Practices, Human Population and the Environment, and Fieldwork in detail. 

So, before starting the question and answer session, first read the syllabus thoroughly and understand, which chapters are included in the semester. 

If your university has issued the new or amended syllabus for you then go with that. 

Otherwise use this one for the next level of learning.  

You will get the bifurcated syllabus for your convenience. 

Now learn (Hons syllabus semester wise). Syllabus Environmental Studies Environmental Studies 1st Semester Syllabus

Semester-1 Environment Studies (Compulsory Course)

Unit-1 Introduction to environmental studies

  • Multidisciplinary nature of environmental studies; Scope and importance; the need for environmental education. Concept of sustainability and sustainable development.

Unit-2 Ecosystems

  • What is an ecosystem? Structure: food chains, food webs and function of the ecosystem: Energy flow in an ecosystem, nutrient cycle and ecological succession. Ecological Interactions. Case studies of the following ecosystems: (a) Forest ecosystem (b) Grassland ecosystem (c) Desert ecosystem (d) Aquatic ecosystems (ponds, streams, lakes, rivers, oceans, estuaries)

Unit-3 Biodiversity and Conservation

  • Levels of biological diversity: genetic, species and ecosystem diversity; Biogeographic zones of India; Biodiversity patterns and global biodiversity hot spots
  • India as a mega-biodiversity nation; Endangered and endemic species of India
  • Threats to biodiversity: Habitat loss, poaching of wildlife, man-wildlife conflicts, biological invasions; Conservation of biodiversity: In-situ and Ex-situ conservation of biodiversity.
  • Nature reserves, tribal populations and rights (Niyamgiri-Vedanta, POSCO), and human-wildlife conflicts in the Indian context (Sundarban-Human-Tiger encounters).
  • Ecosystem and biodiversity services: Ecological, economic, social, ethical, aesthetic and Informational value. 

Unit-4 Environmental Pollution and Global Environmental Issues

  • Environmental pollution: types, causes, effects and controls; Air, water, soil and noise pollution.
  • Climate change, global warming, ozone layer depletion, acid rain and impacts on human communities and agriculture
  • Nuclear hazards and human health risks (Chornobyl, 3 mile Island, Daiichi- Fukushima)
  • Solid waste management: Control measures of urban and industrial waste, special reference e-waste, Biomedical waste. 

  • Pollution Tragedies: Love canal, Bhopal Gas, Endosulfan, Minamata and Flint water Environmental Studies 2nd Semester Syllabus

Semester-2 Environment Studies (Compulsory Course)

Unit-5 Natural Resources: Renewable and Non-renewable Resources

  • Land resources and land-use change; Land degradation, soil erosion, and desertification.
  • Deforestation: Causes and impacts due to mining, and dam building on the environment, forests, biodiversity, and tribal populations.
  • Disaster management: floods, earthquakes, cyclones and landslides. Resettlement and rehabilitation of project-affected persons; case studies. Water: Use and over-exploitation of surface and groundwater, floods, droughts, and conflicts over water (international & inter-state).
  • Energy resources: Renewable and non-renewable energy sources, use of alternate energy sources, growing energy needs, case studies. 

Unit-6 Environmental Management: Laws, Policies & Practices

  • UN Initiatives and International agreements: Montreal and Kyoto protocols, Paris Climate Summit (2015) and Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD).
  • Environmental ethics: Role of Indian and other religions and cultures in environmental conservation. Green Politics, Earth Hour, Green Option Technologies, ISO standards: ISO 9000 and 14000. Environmental communication and public awareness, Role of National Green
  • Tribunal; EIA Formulations, stages, Merits and demerits: case studies (e.g., CNG vehicles, Bharat IV stage)
  • Environment Laws: Environment Protection Act (1986); Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act (1981); Forest Conservation Act (1980); Water (Prevention and control of Pollution) Act (1974); Wildlife Protection Act (1972). 

Unit-7 Human Population and the Environment

  • Human population growth: Impacts on environment, human health and welfare. Family Welfare Programs, Human Rights.
  • Environmental movements: Chipko, Silent valley, Bishnoi, Narmada Bachao Andolan, Nava Danya.
  • Role of Information Technology (IT) in Environment and Human Health

Unit-8 Fieldwork

  • Visit an area to document environmental assets: river/ forest/ flora/fauna, etc.
  • Visit a local polluted site-Urban/Rural/Industrial/Agricultural.
  • Study of common plants, insects, birds and basic principles of identification.
  • Study of simple ecosystems-pond, river, Delhi Ridge, etc. 1st Year Evs Book 1st Year 1st Semester Environmental Studies Books

  • M. M. Basu & S. Xavier - Fundamentals of Environmental Studies
  • A.K. Mitra & R. Chakraborty - Introduction to Environmental Studies
  • E. Enger and B. Smith - Environmental Science: A Study of Interrelationships
  • R. N. Basu - Environment
  • R. Carson - Silent Spring
  • M. Gadgil & R. Guha - This Fissured Land: An Ecological History Of India
  • E. P. Odum & Andrews - Fundamentals Of Ecology
  • I.L Pepper - Environmental And Pollution Science. 
  • KM Sikdar Agarwal - A textbook of Environment 1st Year 2nd Semester Environmental Studies Books

  • M. Basu and S. Xavier - Fundamentals of Environmental Studies, Cambridge University Press, 2016.
  • A. K. Mitra & R. Chakraborty - Introduction to Environmental Studies
  • E. Enger and B. Smith - Environmental Science: A Study of Interrelationships
  • R. N. Basu - Environment
  • B. Gleeson and N. Low - Global Ethics and Environment
  • MK Roy Ghosh - Sustainable Development (Environment, Energy and Water Resources)
  • M Karpagam and Geetha Jaikumar - Green Management, Theory and Applications

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