BA Final Year Geography Syllabus 2023-2024 Session

Today you get the BA final year geography syllabus for the session 2023-2024. 

This syllabus helps to guide you about the content of the subject.

The syllabus is very important for the students to get the proper knowledge about the chapter or lesson of the subject.

University concerned authority is responsible for issuing the new syllabus for the professors and students. 

Professors also play the role of making the new guidelines for the new sessions.

This syllabus outline is based on the ba 3rd year geography syllabus 2023.

The basic work to provide this is to guide those students who passed the part 2 exam and appeared in ba part 3 for the next level of study.

This ba third year geography syllabus categorizes the chapters for your conveyance.

If your university has not issued the new syllabus then you can continue with this.

This will help you to prepare the chapter-wise notes for the upcoming examination.

If your university has issued new or amended syllabus then follow them only. 

Make them the basis for your exam preparation.

Let's start.

B.A 3rd Year 1st Paper Geography Syllabus

(Geographical Thought and Three Southern Continents)


  • Unit-1- Definition of Geography and its relation with other sciences; Contributions of Hettner, Humboldt, Ritter, Ratzel, Vidal de la Blache, and Mackinder; Contributions of Prof. P Dayal Prof.RP. Singh and Prof. Enayat Ahmad.
  • Unit-2- Determinism vs Possibilism; Neodeterminism; Dualism in Geography, Physical vs. Human, Regional vs. systematic; Quantitative Revolution in geography.


  • Unit-3- Structure, Physiography, Climate, and Vegetation of Africa, Australia, and South America.
  • Unit-4- Geographical account of selected regions, viz. Nile Basin, Murray Darling Basin, New South Wales, Argentina- Pampas, Brazil.
  • Unit-5- Comparative study of Africa, Australia, and South America.

B.A 3rd Year 2nd Paper Geography Syllabus

(Human Geography)


  • Unit-1- Environmental control of human activity; Human activities in mountain environments, Hot and cold desert environments, Equatorial areas, Monsoonlands and Temperate grasslands.
  • Unit-2- Patterns of population distribution; Trends of population growth; Demographic Transition and Optimum Population; Factors of population mobility-internal and international, rural and urban.
  • Unit-3- Evolution of human civilization study of the following races - Oraon, Bushmen, Polynesian, Eskimo; Major Cultural Regions of the World.


  • Unit-1- Evolution of Rural settlements; Types and patterns of rural settlements in India; Locational and Functional classifications of towns; Urban growth in India; Problems of Urbanization, with special reference to India.
  • Unit-2- Concept and Approaches of Environmental Geography; Ecology and Ecosystem; Environmental Policies and Management - Air and Water Pollution.

B.A 3rd Year 3rd Paper Geography Syllabus

(Elective Paper)

Group-A Population Geography

  • Unit-1- Meaning, the scope of population geography, Science of Demography, Recent growth with special reference to developed and trends of Population developing countries, Sources of Population data, and Methods of Population forecasting.
  • Unit-2- Dynamics of population change- fertility, Mortality, National and International migration, Demographic transition and optimum population.
  • Unit-3- Distribution and growth patterns of world population problems caused by differential population policy in India.
  • Unit-4- Population composition - Occupation, literacy, age and sex, Rural-urban composition.
  • Unit-5- Growth of India’s Population distribution and density, Rural-urban movement of population, problems of urbanization, and urban-population characteristics in India.

Group-B Geology Of India

  • Unit-1- Scope and function of Geology, Standard Strati-graphical scale Indian Strati-graphical Scale. Chronological history of Indian Stratigraphy.
  • Unit-2- Minerals - Classification, mode of occurrence and distribution of Iron, copper, mica, manganese, coal petroleum, and atomic minerals.
  • Unit-3- Petrological characteristics, Classification distribution and economic importance of Dharwar, Vindhyan, Gondwana Deccan, Lava and Tertiary systems, Cudappa.
  • Unit-4- Classification of rooks- Igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic rocks, metamorphism.
  • Unit-5- Geological Evolution of Himalayas. Chotanagpur, Rajmahal Highland, Deccan Lava, Aravali.

Group-C Land Use And Agriculture

  • Unit-1- Meaning and scope of land use and agricultural geography. History of land use survey of England, World Land use Survey Pattern of Land Use in India.
  • Unit-2- Factors of Land use: Physical and cultural. Land capability, classification Population and land resource requirements.
  • Unit-3- Origin and History of agriculture, Diffusion of commercial grain farming. Plantation: Irrigation and Fertilizers.
  • Unit-4- Types of farming - Subsistence farming, commercial grain farming plantation agriculture, Dairy farming.
  • Unit-5- Development of agriculture in India. Crop- combination in India. Agricultural regions of India. Agricultural planning in India. Agriculture and food supply in India.

BA 3rd Year Geography Cartography And Map Making Syllabus


  • Unit-1- Definition of astronomical terms and their relations.
  • Unit-2- Determination of latitude with the help of meridian altitude and solar time, sidereal time, and equation of time.
  • Unit-3- Principles and nature of map projections. Mathematical construction. Properties and use of the following map projections (but not co-ordinates), Zenith-equal, area following map projections (but not co-ordinates), Zenith-equal area Gnomic, conical, simple conical projection with one standard parallel Bonn's projection, constant of the cone. Cylindrical-equal area and Mercators.
  • Unit-4- Acquaintance with Theodolite, Sextant, the principle of determination of shape and size of the earth, Scale and their types-scale of sphere and cube, scale or-circle and square, Venice scale, Logarithmic scale.
  • Unit-5- Mechanism for the construction of maps and Atlas. Symbols. Format of the map. Survey of India map, Modern techniques of map making, Photogrammetry and interpretation of a real photograph.

Group-E Political Geography

  • Unit-1- Meaning and Scope of Political Geography. Contributions of Ratzel, Hausdorff, Mac-kinder, Mahan, and Spike-man.
  • Unit-2- Concept of state and nation, Location, shape and size of the state. Capital and core areas, Population growth and Size. Language and religion.
  • Unit-3- Distinction between frontiers and boundaries. Evolution of boundaries, Function of boundaries. Delimitation of the territorial water and problems involved. Right to passage across straits and narrow areas.
  • Unit-4- Federation, Unitary system. Power Blocks, Economic Grouping, Political Groupings.
  • Unit-5- Tension in the Middle East, South Africa, India’s Boundary Problem Political Geography of the Indian Ocean. National Integration in India.

Group-F Regional Planning

  • Unit-1- Definition, Scope and content of regional planning, Methods and Techniques used in regional surveys, Census and sample surveys.
  • Unit-2- Planning in India, Regional imbalances and inequalities in India. five-year plans, Multilevel planning in India.
  • Unit-3- Regional Planning in Agriculture, community development projects, Green Revolution, Integrated rural development program.
  • Unit-4- Regional Pattern of industrial development in India, Factors of industrial location. Rural industrialization, Service industries.
  • Unit-5- Urbanization in India, Central places and growth poles city region. Conception methods of delimitation, Metropolitan planning and development.

Group-G- Urban Geography And Planning

  • Unit-1- Concept and scope of Ocean geography. Origin and Evolution of Towns. Site and situation, Locational classification of towns.
  • Unit-2- Urban population growth, structure and characteristics of Indian towns. Urban growth concept. Theories of Burgess. Hoyt and Harris Ullman.
  • Unit-3- Urban land use, urban functions and functional classification urban morphology.
  • Unit-4- Inter-town and town-country relationship, city region and Umland concept, core and fringe area concept, metropolitan region, conurbation.
  • Unit-5- Urban and regional survey planning concept, urban planning Metropolitan planning and regional survey planning. Towns and cities and central places and growth poles, Master plans.

Group-H- Racial And Tribal Geography

  • Unit-1- Definition and scope of Racial and Tribal Geography, and its relation with Anthropology, Sociology and Psychology. Evolution of man, men’s place among primates, the emergence of later man, and prehistoric man.
  • Unit-2- Concept to trace physical determinants. Classification of living races of the world, race and culture, races or prehistoric India. Paleolithic and Mesolithic. Controversy regarding the classification of Indian races.
  • Unit-3- Study of the following races-Bushmen, Hottentots. Polynesian and Eskimos- their Physical, economic and social characteristics.
  • Unit-4- Tribes of India- Habitat, Economy, Society, economic grading tribal organization, social structure and customs.
  • Unit-5- Study of the following tribes: Munda, Oraon, and Santhal their physical, economic, social and political characteristics, Impact of urbanization and industrialization on tribes.

Group-I Environmental Geography

  • Unit-1- Environmental Geography - concept, scope and approaches, Ecology and Ecosystems. 
  • Unit-2- Man-Environment relationship in Equatorial, Mountain, Desert, Coastal, and Monsoon regions.
  • Unit-3- Environmental programs and Policies - Developed & Developing countries.
  • Unit-4- Environmental Problems- Air, Water, and Soil Pollution, their causes and impact; Readdress of Environmental problems
  • Unit-5- Environmental Policy of India; Government's recent initiatives on environment.

You can use the textbook list to prepare your notebook on this subject. 

These b.a. 3rd year geography books are unique and authentic for you. 

The writers of these books are famous and have a good number of followers. 

So, move forward with your study with these ba final year geography books. 

BA 3rd Year Geography Book

  • Hartshorne - Nature of Geography.
  • R. Minshull - Changing Nature of Geography.
  • Freeman - A Hundred Years of Geography.
  • Preston E. James - All Possible Words.
  • Taylor - Geography in the 20th Century.
  • SD Kaushik - Bhaugolik Bichar Dharayan and Bidhi
  • Herbertson - Tantra (Hindi) Three Southern continents.
  • J agdish Singh - Bhaugolik Chintan Ka Muladhar
  • Chaturbhuj Mamoria - Three southern continents
  • Robinson - Human Geography
  • Huntington - Principles of Human Geography.
  • S.D. Kaushik - Manav Bhugolke Siddhant
  • R.C. Chandna - Geography of Population
  • Agarwal - India’s population problems
  • P.K. Mukharjee - A Textbook of Geology
  • A.K. Datta - Physical Geology
  • L.D. Stamp - Applied Geography
  • Symons - Agriculture Geography
  • Majid Husain - Agriculture Geography
  • B.S. Negi - Natural Resources
  • R.P. Mishra - Fundaments of Cartography
  • Kanetkar - Surveying
  • R.L.Singh - Fundaments of Practical Geography
  • R.D. Dixit - Political Geography
  • S. Adhikari - Political Geography
  • Srivastava - Rajnaitik Bhugol
  • E. Ahamad - Regional Planning
  • R.L.Sharma - Town and Regional Planning
  • Smailes - Geography of Towns
  • Taylor - Urban Geography
  • Dickinson - City, Region and Regionalism
  • RB Singh - Environmental Geography

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