Bsc First Year Physical Chemistry Syllabus 2023-2024

Bsc 1st year physical chemistry syllabus 2023-2024 is given through this post. 

You can prepare for your upcoming exam by taking this syllabus as the basis.

This syllabus has not been given keeping in mind any particular university. 

Through this syllabus, the students have been given information about what to study in bsc first year physical chemistry.

In physical chemistry syllabus for bsc 1st year has covered all the necessary topics.

As well as provide the exact guidelines to the students. 

If this syllabus is not matching with the syllabus of your university.

Then you should follow the physical chemistry 1st year syllabus of your university only.

In this post, the physical chemistry bsc 1st year syllabus has been divided into groups. 

This will facilitate the students to take and understand the subject matter.

The format of the subjects given in the group is as follows - GROUP-A: THE STATES OF MATTER, GROUP-B: EQUILIBRIUM, GROUP-C: CHANGES

As you know that a syllabus guide for exam preparation. 

The best way to follow the syllabus is to prepare good notes on this subject. 

This process will help you to get good marks in exams and reduce the fear during the preparation.

Let's Start.

Physical Chemistry Syllabus For Bsc 1st Year 

Physical Chemistry Syllabus For Bsc 1st Year In English


  • 1. Gaseous State: Kinetic theory of gases, derivation or kinetic gas equation, deduction of gas laws, calculation of gas constant and kinetic energy. Maxwell Boltzmann distribution law of velocities (derivation not needed) and energy, distribution curves at different temperatures, calculation of most probable; average and root mean square velocities of molecules. Real gases, compressibility factor, derivation from ideality, various equations of state for real gases with special emphasis on Van der Waals equation of state and its application to the calculation of Boyle's temperature.
  • 2. Liquid State: Qualitative treatment of the structure of the liquid state including various approaches to the structure of liquids, radial distribution function, and physical properties of liquids (molar volume, vapour pressure, surface tension, parachor).
  • 3. Solid State: Types of solid, crystal forces, the law of constancy of angles, seven crystal systems, the law of rational indices, labelling the planes, Miller indices, qualitative idea
  • of point and space groups, elementary ideas of symmetry, and symmetry elements.
  • 4. Colloidal State: Definitions, classification, preparation of the colloidal solution and their purification, properties of colloids, protection of colloids, and application of colloids.


  • 1. Chemical Equilibrium: Reversible and irreversible reaction, statement of the law of mass action and its kinetic derivation, the equilibrium constant for the homogeneous and heterogeneous reaction, the relationship between Kc, Kp and Kx. Le Chatelier’s Principle and its applications.
  • 2. (a) The First in Action: Thermochemistry: Heats of chemical reactions, reaction enthalpy, standard enthalpy changes, Hess’s Law, Kirchoff's law, Relation between enthalpy H and internal energy U, bond energies and their determination, enthalpies of ions in solutions. (b) Thermodynamics I: Thermodynamic terms: systems, extensive and intensive properties, thermodynamic process, state functions and exact differentials.
  • 3. Thermodynamics II: Work done in a system, internal energy, first law of thermodynamics, heat capacities, the relation between Cp and Cv, isothermal and adiabatic processes for an ideal gas, relation between P-V, V-T and P-T for an ideal gas, adiabatic processes for an ideal gas, adiabatic reversible expansion of ideal gas, Elementary idea of entropy and Clausius inequality.
  • 4. Ionic Equilibrium: Ionic product of water, pH, pKa, pKb and pKh buffer solution, buffer index, buffer capacity, buffer range, pH of buffer solution, the idea of the role of buffer
  • solutions in day-to-day life, Dissociation constant of acids and bases, solubility product and its applications in salt analysis, Common effect, and HSAB concept.


  • 1. Chemical Kinetics: Rate of reaction, order and molecularity, the expression for specific rate constant of first-order reaction, half-life period, unit, experimental determination of order or reaction.
  • 2. Dilute Solutions and Changes of State-I: Colligative properties, Osmosis, Osmotic pressure and its experimental determination, van't Hoff factor, vapour pressure, Raoult's law of lowering of vapour pressure. Experimental determination of relative lowering of vapour pressure and molecular weight determination, the relation between osmotic pressure and lowering of vapour pressure.
  • 3. Dilute Solutions and Changes of States-II: Elevation of the boiling point of the solution, depression of freezing point of solutions, experimental determination of colligative properties, abnormal colligative properties of solutions.
  • 4. Processes at Solid Surface: Elementary idea of crystal growths, Adsorption: Physisorption and chemisorption, chemisorbed species. The idea of catalytic activity at surfaces, anti-catalytic processes such as hydrogenation, oxidation, cracking and reforming.

Physical Chemistry Book For Bsc 1st Year

Recommended best physical chemistry book for bsc 1st year

  • Physical Chemistry (Physics Chemistry) - Rakesh Bhardwaj
  • Modern Physical Chemistry (Physics Chemistry) - K.L.Chugh and S.L.Agnish
  • Physical Chemistry (Physics Chemistry) - K.B.Baliga, S.A. Zaveri, S.Smangaonkar, Aarti Saraswat, D.Techchandani and Asha Mathur
  • Physical Chemistry (Physics Chemistry) - Dr P.Bhagchandani
  • Physical Chemistry (Physics Chemistry) - RC Saraswat
  • Physical Chemistry (Physical Chemistry) - S. Kiran Kavya
  • CBSE Physical Chemistry (Physics Chemistry) - Dr.SS Jadhav, Dr VM Shinde and Dr GS Google
  • Physical Chemistry (Physical Chemistry) - Dr VKGoel, Dr R.L.Pitalia, Dr V.P.Verma and Dr Latika Jha
  • Physical Chemistry (Physical Chemistry) - Prof. P. D. Sharma, Dr A. P. Bhargava, Dr P. S. Verma and Dr Romila Karnavat

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